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Sustainability 2018, 10(3), 623; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10030623

Towards a Smart City: Development and Application of an Improved Integrated Environmental Monitoring System

Department of Land Surveying and Geo-informatics, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China
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Received: 16 January 2018 / Revised: 14 February 2018 / Accepted: 15 February 2018 / Published: 28 February 2018
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Abstract

Environmental deprivation is an issue influencing the urban wellbeing of a city. However, there are limitations to spatiotemporally monitoring the environmental deprivation. Thus, recent studies have introduced the concept of “Smart City” with the use of advanced technology for real-time environmental monitoring. In this regard, this study presents an improved Integrated Environmental Monitoring System (IIEMS) with the consideration on nine environmental parameters: temperature, relative humidity, PM2.5, PM10, CO, SO2, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), UV index, and noise. This system was comprised of a mobile unit and a server-based platform with nine highly accurate micro-sensors in-coupling into the mobile unit for estimating these environmental exposures. A calibration test using existing monitoring station data was conducted in order to evaluate the systematic errors. Two applications with the use of the new system were also conducted under different scenarios: pre- and post-typhoon days and in areas with higher and lower vegetation coverage. Linear regressions were applied to predict the changes in environmental quality after a typhoon and to estimate the difference in environmental exposures between urban roads and green spaces. The results show that environmental exposures interact with each other, while some exposures are also controlled by location. PM2.5 had the highest change after a typhoon with an estimated 8.0 μg/m³ decrease that was controlled by other environmental factors and geographical location. Sound level and temperature were significantly higher on urban roads than in urban parks. This study demonstrates the potential to use IIEMS for environmental quality measurements under the greater framework of a Smart City and for sustainability research. View Full-Text
Keywords: environmental monitoring; Smart City; smart sensor; sustainable planning environmental monitoring; Smart City; smart sensor; sustainable planning
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Wong, M.S.; Wang, T.; Ho, H.C.; Kwok, C.Y.T.; Lu, K.; Abbas, S. Towards a Smart City: Development and Application of an Improved Integrated Environmental Monitoring System. Sustainability 2018, 10, 623.

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