The Effect of Employees’ Perceptions of CSR Activities on Employee Deviance: The Mediating Role of Anomie
2. Materials and Methods
2.1. Concepts and Theoretical Background
2.1.1. Views on CSR Activities
2.1.2. CSR and Employees’ Perceptions
2.1.4. Employee Deviance
2.2.1. Effect of Employees’ Perceptions of CSR Activities on Employee Deviance
2.2.2. Effect of Employees’ Perceptions of CSR Activities on Anomie
2.2.3. Effects of Anomie on Employee Deviance
2.2.4. Mediating Role of Anomie
2.3.1. Research Model
2.3.2. Sampling and Analysis of Demographic Factors of Respondents
2.3.3. Measurement of Variables
Employees’ Perceptions of CSR Activities
3.2. Regression Results 1 (H1)
3.3. Regression Results 2 (H2)
3.4. Regression Results 3 (H3)
3.5. Regression Results 4 (H4)
Conflicts of Interest
CSR and Employees’ Perceptions
- Our company contributes to campaigns and projects that promote the well-being of the society.
- Our company implements special programs to minimize its negative impact on the natural environment.
- Our company participates in activities which aim to protect and improve the quality of the natural environment.
- Our company targets sustainable growth which considers future generations.
- Our company makes investment to create a better life for future generations.
- Our company encourages its employees to participate in voluntarily activities.
- Our company supports nongovernmental organizations working in problematic areas.
- Our company supports employees who want to acquire additional education.
- Our company policies encourage the employees to develop their skill and careers.
- Our company implements flexible policies to provide a good work & life balance for its employees.
- The management of our company is primarily concerned with employees’ needs and wants.
- The managerial decisions related with the employees are usually fair.
- Our company provides full and accurate information about its products to its customers.
- Our company respects consumer rights beyond the legal requirements.
- Customer satisfaction is highly important for our company.
- Our company always pays its taxes on a regular and continuing basis.
- Our company complies with legal regulations completely and promptly.
- In our firm, there is pressure to meet organizational objectives by any means possibles.*
- For the most part of work, there is no right or wrong way to achieve the firm’s goal.*
- At work it is considered okay to play dirty to win.
- The attitude in our firm is that sometimes it is necessary to lie to others in order to keep their trust.
- In our firm, the rules can be broken in order to achieve organizational goals.
- The prevailing attitude in our firm is that “nice guys finish last.”
- In our firm the feeling is that the ends justify the means.
- In our firm you have to be willing to break some rules if that is what it takes to get the job done.
- Exaggerated about your hours worked.
- Started negative rumors about your company.
- Gossiped about your coworkers.
- Covered up your mistakes.
- Competed with your coworkers in an unproductive way.
- Gossiped about your supervisor.
- Stayed out of sight to avoid work.
- Taken company equipment or merchandise.
- Blamed your coworkers for your mistakes.
- Intentionally worked slow.
Social Desirable Responding
- None of the managers at my firm feel dissatisfied with their jobs.
- At my company, all of the employees are outstanding performers.
- Employees at my company are always trustworthy.
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|Employment period||−0.206 **||0.646 **||1|
|Position||−0.228 **||0.469 **||0.386 **||1|
|Business Area||−0.059||0.242 **||0.260 **||−0.102||1|
|Firm age||−0.047||0.099||0.220 **||0.140 *||0.021||1|
|CSR perceptions||−0.152 *||0.059||0.118||0.044||0.204 **||0.193 **||1|
|Society||−0.148 *||0.012||0.110||0.027||0.136 *||0.218 **||0.938 **||1|
|Employee||−0.142 *||0.060||0.050||0.021||0.202 **||0.133 *||0.880 **||0.755 **||1|
|Customer||−0.078||0.111||0.149 *||0.041||0.198 **||0.160 *||0.849 **||0.711 **||0.648 **||1|
|Government||−0.136 *||0.079||0.138 *||0.110||0.230 **||0.099||0.668 **||0.508 **||0.440 **||0.690 **||1|
|Anomie||0.079||−0.090||−0.101||0.033||−0.230 **||−0.115||−0.360 **||−0.282 **||−0.277 **||−0.359 **||−0.435 **||1|
|Employee deviance||−0.035||−0.102||−0.074||−0.015||−0.234 **||−0.077||−0.205 **||−0.156 *||−0.117||−0.218||−0.340 **||0.600 **||1|
|SDR||−0.075||0.049||0.100||0.022||0.127 *||−0.010||0.643 **||0.603 **||0.662 **||0.508 **||0.264 **||−0.114||−0.052||1|
|Category||Model 1||Model 2|
|Business area||−0.742||−0.232||−0.632||−0.198 **|
|Independent variable||Employees’ perceptions of CSR activities||−0.327||−0.259 **|
|R square (▲ R square)||0.068||0.103||(0.035 **)|
|F||2.515 *||3.455 **|
|Category||Model 1||Model 2|
|Independent variable||Employees’ perceptions of CSR activities||−0.639||−0.448 **|
|R square (▲ R square)||0.079||0.184||(0.105 **)|
|F||2.980 **||6.818 **|
|Category||Model 1||Model 2|
|Business area||−0.742||−0.232 **||−0.375||−0.117 *|
|Independent variable||Anomie||0.520||0.586 **|
|R square (▲ R square)||0.068||0.384||(0.317 **)|
|Category||Model 1||Model 2||Model 3|
|Anomie||Employee Deviance||Employee Deviance|
|Business area||−0.492||−0.136||−0.632||−0.198||−0.376 *||−0.118|
|Independent variable||Employees’ perceptions of CSR activities||−0.639||−0.448 **||−0.327||−0.259 **||0.006||0.004|
|Mediating variable||Anomie||0.521||0.587 **|
|R square (▲ R square)||0.184||0.103||0.384|
|F||6.818 **||3.455 **||16.699 **|
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Choi, Y.H.; Myung, J.K.; Kim, J.D. The Effect of Employees’ Perceptions of CSR Activities on Employee Deviance: The Mediating Role of Anomie. Sustainability 2018, 10, 601. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10030601
Choi YH, Myung JK, Kim JD. The Effect of Employees’ Perceptions of CSR Activities on Employee Deviance: The Mediating Role of Anomie. Sustainability. 2018; 10(3):601. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10030601Chicago/Turabian Style
Choi, Yun Hyeok, Jae Kyu Myung, and Jong Dae Kim. 2018. "The Effect of Employees’ Perceptions of CSR Activities on Employee Deviance: The Mediating Role of Anomie" Sustainability 10, no. 3: 601. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10030601