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Sustainability 2018, 10(2), 527; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10020527

How does the Ecological Well-Being of Urban and Rural Residents Change with Rural-Urban Land Conversion? The Case of Hubei, China

1
School of Business Administration, Zhongnan University of Ecomomics and Law, Wuhan 430073, China
2
Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720-3110, USA
3
Department of Land Management, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 January 2018 / Revised: 28 January 2018 / Accepted: 14 February 2018 / Published: 15 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Built Environment and Urban Growth Management)
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Abstract

Human well-being can be affected by the loss of ecosystem services from conversion of agricultural lands. Uncovering negative ecological consequences of rural-urban conversion is important for regulating rural-urban land conversion. This paper evaluates the impacts of rural-urban land conversion on the ecological well-being of different interest groups in China and makes policy recommendations for mitigating them. This research empirically quantifies and compares changes in the ecological well-being of rural and urban residents due to rural-urban land conversion and examines how transformation factors affect such changes in Hubei, China using the Fuzzy Synthetic Evaluation Model. Results show that compared with urban residents, rural resident ecological well-being level declines more obviously with rural-urban land conversion. Two socio-demographic characteristics, age and education level, as well as zoning characteristics, influence both rural and urban resident well-being changes. It is argued that there is a need for quantitative measurement of agricultural ecosystem services changes and that the construction of ecological compensation policies in areas undergoing rural-urban land conversion is essential for regulating rural-urban land conversion and for maintaining resident ecological well-being. View Full-Text
Keywords: ecological well-being changes; rural-urban land conversion; transformation factors; urban residents; rural residents; China ecological well-being changes; rural-urban land conversion; transformation factors; urban residents; rural residents; China
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Song, M.; Huntsinger, L.; Han, M. How does the Ecological Well-Being of Urban and Rural Residents Change with Rural-Urban Land Conversion? The Case of Hubei, China. Sustainability 2018, 10, 527.

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