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Sustainability 2018, 10(2), 325; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10020325

Green Driver: Travel Behaviors Revisited on Fuel Saving and Less Emission

1
Facultad de Arquitectura y Urbanismo, Universidad Tecnológica Equinoccial, Calle Rumipamba s/n y Bourgeois, Quito 170508, Ecuador
2
Faculty of Civil Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai 81310, Johor, Malaysia
3
MIT-UTM MSCP Program, Institute Sultan Iskandar, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai 81310, Malaysia
4
Department of Landscape Architecture, Faculty of Built Environment, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai 81310, Johor, Malaysia
5
The School of Architecture and Environmental Design, Iran University of Science and Technology (IUST), Narmak Street, Tehran 1684613114, Iran
6
Civil Engineering Department, Jubail University College, Royal Commission of Jubail and Yanbu, Jubail 31961, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 December 2017 / Revised: 3 January 2018 / Accepted: 16 January 2018 / Published: 26 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Travel Behaviour and Sustainable Transport of the Future)
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Abstract

Road transportation is the main energy consumer and major contributor of ever-increasing hazardous emissions. Transportation professionals have raised the idea of applying the green concept in various areas of transportation, including green highways, green vehicles and transit-oriented designs, to tackle the negative impact of road transportation. This research generated a new dimension called the green driver to remediate urgently the existing driving assessment models that have intensified emissions and energy consumption. In this regard, this study aimed to establish the green driver’s behaviors related to fuel saving and emission reduction. The study has two phases. Phase one involves investigating the driving behaviors influencing fuel saving and emission reduction through a systematic literature review and content analysis, which identified twenty-one variables classified into four clusters. These clusters included the following: (i) FEf1, which is driving style; (ii) FEf2, which is driving behavior associated with vehicle transmission; (iii) FEf3, which is driving behavior associated with road design and traffic rules; and (iv) FEf4, which is driving behavior associated with vehicle operational characteristics. The second phase involves validating phase one findings by applying the Grounded Group Decision Making (GGDM) method. The results of GGDM have established seventeen green driving behaviors. The study conducted the Green Value (GV) analysis for each green behavior on fuel saving and emission reduction. The study found that aggressive driving (GV = 0.16) interferes with the association between fuel consumption, emission and driver’s personalities. The research concludes that driver’s personalities (including physical, psychological and psychosocial characteristics) have to be integrated for advanced in-vehicle driver assistance system and particularly, for green driving accreditation. View Full-Text
Keywords: driver travel behavior; green driver; driver assessment; eco driving; fuel consumption; tailpipe emission; road transportation driver travel behavior; green driver; driver assessment; eco driving; fuel consumption; tailpipe emission; road transportation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Muslim, N.H.; Keyvanfar, A.; Shafaghat, A.; Abdullahi, M.M.; Khorami, M. Green Driver: Travel Behaviors Revisited on Fuel Saving and Less Emission. Sustainability 2018, 10, 325.

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