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Research on the Measurement of the Technical Innovative Capabilities of Oil and Gas Industry Clusters and Their Factors of Influence: Empirical Analysis Based on Eight Provinces in China

by Lei Jin 1,*, Zifeng Liu 2 and Fei Xu 2
1
School of Business Administration, China University of Petroleum, Beijing 102249, China
2
Department of Mathematics, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, ON N2L 3C5, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(12), 4833; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10124833
Received: 17 November 2018 / Revised: 12 December 2018 / Accepted: 14 December 2018 / Published: 18 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Sustainability)
Existing studies have suggested that rich mineral resources may serve as a “resource curse” as well as a “resource blessing” with respect to regional economic development. However, the reason behind the emergence of this paradox is not clear. In this paper, we carried out an investigation of the sustainable development of oil and gas industry clusters in eight provinces of China. We studied the panel data of these industry clusters and performed quantitative analysis. By considering the effects of the technical innovation ability of the cluster on its long-term development, we showed that increasing the technical innovation ability of the cluster promoted the development of the industry, which led to a “resource blessing” situation. On the other hand, a mineral resource-based industry cluster may not survive long without technological innovation. Increasing investments in scientific research and technology development and reducing the reckless expansion of the industry cluster may lower the possibility of the occurrence of a “resource curse”. View Full-Text
Keywords: oil and gas industry cluster; technical innovation; Malmquist index method; TFP oil and gas industry cluster; technical innovation; Malmquist index method; TFP
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Jin, L.; Liu, Z.; Xu, F. Research on the Measurement of the Technical Innovative Capabilities of Oil and Gas Industry Clusters and Their Factors of Influence: Empirical Analysis Based on Eight Provinces in China. Sustainability 2018, 10, 4833.

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