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National REDD+ Strategy for Climate Change Mitigation: A Review and Comparison of Developing Countries

1
Department of Regional Development and Welfare Administration, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan-si 38541, Korea
2
Department of Forest Resources and Landscape Architecture, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan-si 38541, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(12), 4781; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10124781
Received: 2 November 2018 / Revised: 7 December 2018 / Accepted: 12 December 2018 / Published: 14 December 2018
Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, and the role of conservation, sustainable forest management and enhancement of forest carbon stocks (REDD+) in developing countries requires a National REDD+ Strategy (NRS) to ensure effectiveness, efficiency and equity. So far, only a few countries have submitted their NRS to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to progress to the implementation phase of REDD+. To compare the NRS of eight countries from Africa and the Asia-Pacific region, we used content analysis to assess whether these countries have paid attention to the REDD+ design components and adhered to the UNFCCC REDD+ rules. Our results demonstrate that all eight countries have paid considerable attention to REDD+ activities, finance, measurement, reporting and verification (MRV), and safeguard systems, and most countries have not adhered to the UNFCCC REDD+ rules on scale including the definition of national and subnational forests, subnational projects to be nested into national systems, and subnational activities to be verified by experts. REDD+ countries must develop definitions for national and subnational forests to enhance forest monitoring and they must develop technical and institutional infrastructure for MRV and safeguard systems, to receive results-based payments, and for the sustainability of REDD+ projects. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change mitigation; REDD+; UNFCCC; national REDD+ strategy; sustainability climate change mitigation; REDD+; UNFCCC; national REDD+ strategy; sustainability
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Andoh, J.; Lee, Y. National REDD+ Strategy for Climate Change Mitigation: A Review and Comparison of Developing Countries. Sustainability 2018, 10, 4781.

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