Next Article in Journal
The Environmental Impact of Ecological Rehabilitation Techniques Applied to Statically and Variably Stressed Welded Structures
Previous Article in Journal
National REDD+ Strategy for Climate Change Mitigation: A Review and Comparison of Developing Countries
Open AccessArticle

Different Uses of Ozone: Environmental and Corporate Sustainability. Literature Review and Case Study

1
Department of Economics (DIEC), University of Genoa, 16126 Genova, Italy
2
Department of Internal Medicine and Medical Therapy, University of Pavia, 27100 Pavia PV, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(12), 4783; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10124783
Received: 28 October 2018 / Revised: 4 December 2018 / Accepted: 11 December 2018 / Published: 14 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Wildlife)
An extensive and interdisciplinary literature review was carried out to evaluate the uses of synthetically produced ozone in many different application areas. The objective of the study was to investigate the disinfectant and purifying effectiveness of this natural compound and evaluate its use as an economically and environmentally sustainable alternative to treatments that often involve the adoption of pharmaceutical agents. Being a natural substance, the potential environmental sustainability of the use of ozone in areas such as water disinfectant; pesticide action in agriculture; and antibiotic, anti-inflammatory and antiviral actions in animal husbandry and fish farming are of interest. In addition to environmental sustainability, economic sustainability is also important for companies employing ozone in their processes. Thus, a case study was proposed that represents the use of ozone in a pilot swine farm located in Northern Italy, both as an alternative to pharmaceutical drugs for the animals and as an air and water purifier. The case study demonstrates the economic sustainability of ozone use, especially in the medium run, along with its ability to reduce animal mortality (by about 2%), as well as decrease use of pharmaceutical antibiotics. View Full-Text
Keywords: ozone; water treatment; agriculture; animal husbandry; literature review; environmental sustainability; economic sustainability; managerial evaluation ozone; water treatment; agriculture; animal husbandry; literature review; environmental sustainability; economic sustainability; managerial evaluation
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Remondino, M.; Valdenassi, L. Different Uses of Ozone: Environmental and Corporate Sustainability. Literature Review and Case Study. Sustainability 2018, 10, 4783.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map

1
Back to TopTop