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Sustainability 2018, 10(12), 4645; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10124645

Conservation for Sustainable Development: The Sustainability Evaluation of the Xijie Historic District, Dujiangyan City, China

1
College of Architecture and Urban Planning, Institute for Advanced Study in Architecture and Urban-Rural Planning, Key Laboratory of Ecology and Energy-saving Study of Dense Habitat of Ministry of Education, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
2
Government of Juyuan Town, Dujiangyan City 611830, China
3
Shanghai Urban Construction Vocational College, Shanghai 200433, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 October 2018 / Revised: 23 November 2018 / Accepted: 4 December 2018 / Published: 6 December 2018
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Abstract

Historic districts have become a significant aspect of urban diversity and sustainable development, due to their dual attributes of cultural heritage and living community. This study aims to assess the influence of conservation efforts on the sustainable development of historic districts. Based on a literature review, this study designed a sustainability evaluation model that included twelve indicators and twenty-seven sub-indicators, in reference to heritage conservation, stakeholder participation, economic development, and planning and governance. The case study of the Xijie Historic District in Dujiangyan City, China, was selected to apply the model. Using data collected via questionnaire surveys and in-depth interviews, and using qualitative and quantitative combined methods and weighted averages, the model produced the sustainability index of the Xijie Historic District. Further examinations were performed and findings were explored, regarding the conservation efforts for the Xijie Historic District. Despite the research limitation of a lack of multi-sample verification, the results of the assessment are consistent with what is found in practice, demonstrating the validity of the model. The sustainability evaluation model can be applied to various historic districts and regions, by reassigning indicator weights to the different cases; the indicators system also provides references for research and practical applications for the conservation and sustainable development of other heritage types. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainability evaluation; heritage conservation; historic district; China sustainability evaluation; heritage conservation; historic district; China
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Kou, H.; Zhou, J.; Chen, J.; Zhang, S. Conservation for Sustainable Development: The Sustainability Evaluation of the Xijie Historic District, Dujiangyan City, China. Sustainability 2018, 10, 4645.

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