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Open AccessArticle

Recycling of End-of-Life Vehicles in Small Islands: The Case of Kinmen, Taiwan

1
Graduate School of Energy Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan
2
Center for Material Cycles and Waste Management Research, National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba 305-8506, Japan
3
Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Science and Engineering, Ritsumeikan University, Shiga 525-8577, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(12), 4377; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10124377
Received: 2 November 2018 / Revised: 17 November 2018 / Accepted: 21 November 2018 / Published: 23 November 2018
The abandoned end-of-life vehicle (ELV) problem in small islands has negative effects on local sustainable development, and the treatment of ELVs in island scale is usually difficult. This study presents the investigation of the material flows and economic analysis on the ELVs in small islands by the case study of Kinmen, Taiwan. The ELVs generation amount is estimated using the population balance model (PBM) and the results showed a steep increase in the future for both automobiles and motorcycles. The insufficient ELV treatment capacity has resulted in the significant informal treatment flow, which will be the total weight of 1906 tons of items with market value, with a potential economic gain of 16.9 million TWD in 2050. The results of the economic characterization of the local dismantling business clarified that profitability is the main hindrance for the development of new dismantling business due to high transportation costs. Our results suggested that implementation of the different subsidy rate according to the treatment area under the current policy or creation of a new treatment flow with a direct shipment of ELVs for treatment is necessary to improve the utilization of the stocked materials from untreated ELVs. View Full-Text
Keywords: end-of-life vehicle; recycling; secondary resources; material flow; economic analysis; small islands end-of-life vehicle; recycling; secondary resources; material flow; economic analysis; small islands
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lin, H.-T.; Nakajima, K.; Yamasue, E.; Ishihara, K.N. Recycling of End-of-Life Vehicles in Small Islands: The Case of Kinmen, Taiwan. Sustainability 2018, 10, 4377. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10124377

AMA Style

Lin H-T, Nakajima K, Yamasue E, Ishihara KN. Recycling of End-of-Life Vehicles in Small Islands: The Case of Kinmen, Taiwan. Sustainability. 2018; 10(12):4377. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10124377

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lin, Hsin-Tien; Nakajima, Kenichi; Yamasue, Eiji; Ishihara, Keiichi N. 2018. "Recycling of End-of-Life Vehicles in Small Islands: The Case of Kinmen, Taiwan" Sustainability 10, no. 12: 4377. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10124377

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