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Sustainability 2018, 10(11), 4078;

Determinants of Firm’s Export Performance in China’s Automobile Industry

School of Business Management, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok 06010, Kedah, Malaysia
School of Business Administration, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640, China
Business and Management Department, University of Wales Trinity Saint David, Oval Campus, Winchester House, 11 Cranmer Rd, London SW9 6EJ, UK
Faculty of Civil Engineering, Department of Concrete Structures and Geotechnics, Akademicka 3, Częstochowa University of Technology, PL-42-200 Czestochowa, Poland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 October 2018 / Revised: 25 October 2018 / Accepted: 30 October 2018 / Published: 7 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Social and New Technology Challenges of Sustainable Business)
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The automobile industry has significantly contributed towards China’s economy. After producing approximately 24.5 million vehicles in 2015, China’s automobile industry has achieved its greatest height by emerging worldwide as the top automobile producer. However, China’s automobile industry could not sustain this achievement and it witnessed a sudden growth rate decrease in 2016–2017, reflecting their poor export performance. To address this problem, the prime objective of this research is to explore the roles of total quality management (TQM), entrepreneurial orientation (EO), export market orientation (EMO), brand orientation (BO) and cleaner production (CP) in firm export performance (FEP). For this reason, a quantitative research approach with cross-sectional research design was adopted by gathering the data from 347 respondents working as export managers at Chinese automobile companies via simple random technique. Partial least square structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) through software smartPLS-3.2.7 employed to analyze data. Results revealed that the TQM, EO, EMO, BO, and CP has a significant association with FEP. Additionally, findings confirmed CP as a moderating variable that contributes positively to FEP. The research has eminently contributed to the export performance of the automobile industry, specifically in China. It is very beneficial to practitioners in the Chinese automobile industry as it will assist them in regaining and exceeding their record export performance while also contributes to resource-based-view theory. View Full-Text
Keywords: entrepreneurial orientation; total quality management; export market orientation; brand orientation; cleaner production; export performance entrepreneurial orientation; total quality management; export market orientation; brand orientation; cleaner production; export performance

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Imran, M.; Jian, Z.; Haque, A.; Urbański, M.; Nair, S.L.S. Determinants of Firm’s Export Performance in China’s Automobile Industry. Sustainability 2018, 10, 4078.

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