Next Article in Journal
The Economic Potential to Support Sustainability through Household Consumption Choices
Previous Article in Journal
Accessibility Changes: Analysis of the Integrated Public Transport System of Bogotá
Open AccessArticle

Integration of 3D Printing and Industry 4.0 into Engineering Teaching

1
Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus, Jalan Broga, 43500 Selangor, Malaysia
2
Department of Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology, National Taipei University of Technology, 1 Zhongxiao E. Rd. Sec. 3, Da’an District, Taipei City 106, Taiwan
3
School of Applied Sciences, University of Huddersfield, Queensgate, Huddersfield HD1 3DH, UK
4
Department of Materials Engineering, Kun Shan University, 195 Kunda Road, Yongkang District, Tainan City 710, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(11), 3960; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10113960
Received: 19 September 2018 / Revised: 25 October 2018 / Accepted: 29 October 2018 / Published: 31 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Education and Approaches)
The rapid emergence of Industry 4.0 implies that our engineering graduates need to acquire new competences to adapt to the digital transformation. This paper evaluates the benefits of integrating 3D printing and Industry 4.0 into engineering undergraduate programs. Surveys were conducted to gather the feedbacks and views from academics and students. 75% and 86% of the participating students and lecturers, respectively, have heard about Industry 4.0. 63% of the students were exposed to modules with such elements. Tangible 3D-printed models enable visualization of fundamental theories and concepts. Enhanced 3D drawing skills and rapid 3D-printed prototypes can greatly help students study common processing equipment, manufacturing, maintenance, logistics, and operations. Some limitations were identified such as budgeting, lack of knowledge, and difficulty in changing from traditional pedagogy. This paper thus proposes a blended learning model for integrating Industry 4.0 into engineering teaching, which consists of traditional, online learning, and flipped classroom approaches. Implementation of the model can be started off with cross-multidisciplinary collaborations or expert-led training for the instructors, followed by traditional face-to-face teaching and online learning. Flipped classroom is one of the essential components of the model which encourages learning-by-making approaches such as ‘bring your own device’ and ‘do it yourself’. Integrating Industry 4.0 into engineering teaching can create a student-based learning environment, where students are gradually trained to become proactive and lifelong learners who are more conscious of the environment and economy. View Full-Text
Keywords: 3D printing; 4D printing; engineering education; Industry 4.0; additive manufacturing; teaching; smart; Internet of Things (IoT); blended learning 3D printing; 4D printing; engineering education; Industry 4.0; additive manufacturing; teaching; smart; Internet of Things (IoT); blended learning
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Chong, S.; Pan, G.-T.; Chin, J.; Show, P.L.; Yang, T.C.K.; Huang, C.-M. Integration of 3D Printing and Industry 4.0 into Engineering Teaching. Sustainability 2018, 10, 3960.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop