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Sustainability 2018, 10(10), 3662; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10103662

Stationary Forestry with Human Interference

University of Eastern Finland, PO Box 111, FIN-80101 Joensuu, Finland
Received: 17 August 2018 / Revised: 26 September 2018 / Accepted: 5 October 2018 / Published: 12 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Use of the Environment and Resources)
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Abstract

Here, we present stationarity criteria for forest stands and establish ecological embodiments using an empirical stand development model. We introduced human interference in terms of diameter-limit cutting. Financial sustainability was investigated as a function of the cutting limit diameter. It was found that nonoperative capitalization along with its appreciation rate dictates the sustainability of management practices. In the absence of nonoperative capitalization, stationary forestry produces high capital return rates at a rather small volume of growing trees. In the case of large but constant nonoperative capitalization, a large operative capitalization resulting in a large harvesting yield provides the best capital returns. A high nonoperative appreciation rate requires a small volume of growing trees. View Full-Text
Keywords: stationarity criterion; diameter-limit cutting; financial return; real estate; appreciation rate stationarity criterion; diameter-limit cutting; financial return; real estate; appreciation rate
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Kärenlampi, P.P. Stationary Forestry with Human Interference. Sustainability 2018, 10, 3662.

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