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Sustainability 2018, 10(10), 3661; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10103661

Analysis of Worker Category Social Impacts in Different Types of Concrete Plant Operations: A Case Study in South Korea

1
Sustainable Building Research Center, Hanyang University, Ansan 15588, Korea
2
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
3
Department of Architecture & Architectural Engineering, Hanyang University, Ansan 15588, Korea
4
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Universidad del Norte, Barranquilla, 51820, Colombia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 August 2018 / Revised: 16 September 2018 / Accepted: 8 October 2018 / Published: 12 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Construction and Building Materials)
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Abstract

As sustainable development has emerged as a priority on the international agenda, increasing emphasis has been placed on “Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment (LCSA),” wherein environmental, economic, and social performance are comprehensively integrated. This study, as part of an LCSA approach, uses Social Life Cycle Assessment (S-LCA) to analyze the worker category social impact for concrete plants in South Korea. For the analysis, three types of concrete plant with different operating systems were selected and evaluated: Direct operation, operated by dedicated concrete manufacturers, and operated by cement suppliers. Eleven major social topics, which were mentioned in the international standards and international institutes, were selected as the subjects of evaluation; the social impacts were evaluated by applying the evaluative criteria for social topics presented in the Handbook for Product Social Life Cycle Assessment of PRé Sustainability. We determined that the highest social impact was found in concrete plants operated by cement suppliers (0.77), followed by plants operated by dedicated concrete manufacturers (0.50), and finally by plants with direct operations (0.09). These results can be applied by concrete plants to improve worker category areas in which they are lacking and by future researchers to evaluate the sustainable development of a variety of industries. View Full-Text
Keywords: Social impact; concrete plant; worker category; social life cycle assessment Social impact; concrete plant; worker category; social life cycle assessment
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Roh, S.; Tae, S.; Kim, R.; Martínez, D.M. Analysis of Worker Category Social Impacts in Different Types of Concrete Plant Operations: A Case Study in South Korea. Sustainability 2018, 10, 3661.

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