Next Article in Journal
Earth-Sheltered House: A Case Study of Dobraca Village House near Kragujevac, Serbia
Previous Article in Journal
Consumption-Based Accounting and the Trade-Carbon Emissions Nexus in Asia: A Heterogeneous, Common Factor Panel Analysis
Article Menu
Issue 10 (October) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2018, 10(10), 3628;

Disorder or Reorder? The Spatial Production of State-Level New Areas in China

School of Geographic Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
School of Geographic Sciences, Institute of Eco-Chongming, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 September 2018 / Revised: 2 October 2018 / Accepted: 8 October 2018 / Published: 11 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Urban and Rural Development)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1481 KB, uploaded 11 October 2018]   |  


With rapid urbanization in the world, new town construction has become prosperous. In particular, new emerging towns in China are unique because of the most significant movement of “building cities”. Over four decades of reform and opening-up, this movement has brought about a special development model known as State-level New Area (SLNA) which, like a new town, is causing a growth spurt in national and regional economic development. By applying the critical theory of production of space, this paper gives an overall analysis. SLNAs generate a new expansion pattern of urban space in the regionalization process dominated by governments. To reveal the spatiotemporal evolution logic of SLNA, the framework identifies the main characteristics contributing to spatial production: both bottom-up and top-down project on construction; a sharp and unordered trend of increment in time scale; an unbalanced regional distribution in the sequential order of “Eastern–Western–Northeastern–Central” among regions; complex spatial overlaying with different development zones and administrative divisions; and large-scale spatial expanding. This paper finds that the ongoing growth of SLNAs is a rapid process of spatial production with more contradictions, which is especially marked by tension between disorder and reorder. We hope to provide theoretical reference and practical guidance for the sustainable urbanization and orderly regional development of SLNAs. View Full-Text
Keywords: new town; national new areas; production of space; urban sprawl; China new town; national new areas; production of space; urban sprawl; China

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Zhuang, L.; Ye, C. Disorder or Reorder? The Spatial Production of State-Level New Areas in China. Sustainability 2018, 10, 3628.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top