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Sustainability 2018, 10(10), 3618; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10103618

Post-Earthquake Restoration Simulation Model for Water Supply Networks

1
Department of Civil Engineering, Kyung Hee University, Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do 17104, Korea
2
Department of Civil Engineering, The University of Suwon, Hwaseong-si, Gyeonggi-do 18323, Korea
3
Department of Civil Engineering, Kyung Hee University, 1732 Deogyeong-daero, Giheung-gu, Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do 17104, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 September 2018 / Revised: 27 September 2018 / Accepted: 8 October 2018 / Published: 10 October 2018
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Abstract

A computer-based simulation model was developed to quantify the seismic damage that may occur in water supply networks and to suggest restoration strategies after such events. The model was designed to produce probabilistic seismic events and determine the structural damage of facilities. Then, the model numerically quantifies the system restoration rate over time by connecting it with a hydraulic analysis solver. The model intends to propose superb restoration plans by performing sensitivity analyses using several restoration scenarios. The developed model was applied to an actual metropolitan waterworks system currently operating in South Korea and successfully suggested the most efficient restoration approaches (given seismic damage) to minimize the complete recovery time and suspension of water service. It is expected that the proposed model can be utilized as a decision-making tool to determine prompt system recovery plans and restoration priorities in the case of an actual seismic hazard that may occur in water supply networks. View Full-Text
Keywords: seismic damage; simulation model; system restoration; water supply networks seismic damage; simulation model; system restoration; water supply networks
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Choi, J.; Yoo, D.G.; Kang, D. Post-Earthquake Restoration Simulation Model for Water Supply Networks. Sustainability 2018, 10, 3618.

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