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Open AccessArticle

Container Transport Network for Sustainable Development in South Korea

1
Ocean College, Zhejiang University, Zhoushan 316021, China
2
Department of Business Administration, Yonsei University, Seoul 03722, South Korea
3
Ocean College, Zhejiang University, Zhoushan 316021, China
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Faculty of Business and Law, Coventry University, Coventry CV1 5DL, UK
5
Maritime and Logistics Management, Australian Maritime College, University of Tasmania, Launceston TAS 7250, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(10), 3575; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10103575
Received: 16 July 2018 / Revised: 17 September 2018 / Accepted: 29 September 2018 / Published: 7 October 2018
The ever-increasing tendency toward economic globalization highlights the importance of sustainable container transport networks to a country’s international trade, especially for an economy that is highly dependent on exports. This paper aims to develop a transport network connectivity index (TNCI) to measure the container transport connectivity from a multi-modal perspective. The proposed index is based on both graph theory and economics, considering transport infrastructure and capacity, cargo flow, and capacity utilization. Using the case of South Korea as an example, we apply the TNCI to assess the connectivity of the Busan, Gwangyang, and Incheon ports, representing approximately 96% of the container throughput in South Korea. The calculated TNCI not only provides insight into the assessment of sustainable port competitiveness, it also helps policymakers identify bottlenecks in multi-modal transport networks. To eliminate these bottlenecks, this paper offers some appropriate measures and specific strategies for port development, which in turn improves the connectivity of container transport networks for sustainable development. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable container transport; multi-modal transport; graph theory; port management information system; shipping policy sustainable container transport; multi-modal transport; graph theory; port management information system; shipping policy
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Li, K.X.; Park, T.-J.; Lee, P.T.-W.; McLaughlin, H.; Shi, W. Container Transport Network for Sustainable Development in South Korea. Sustainability 2018, 10, 3575.

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