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Open AccessArticle

Modeling and Simulation of the Future Impacts of Urban Land Use Change on the Natural Environment by SLEUTH and Cluster Analysis

by 1,* and 2
1
Department of Urban Planning and Landscape, National Quemoy University, Kinmen County 892, Taiwan
2
Department of Urban Planning, National Cheng-Kung University, Tainan City 701, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(1), 72; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10010072
Received: 15 November 2017 / Revised: 19 December 2017 / Accepted: 28 December 2017 / Published: 29 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Urban and Rural Development)
Changing land use and urban expansion are key drivers of global environmental change, which are inevitable consequences of economic and social development for many cities. Most land use changes have a negative impact on the natural environment, especially due to their effects on surface temperature, runoff and habitat diversity. Due to the limitation of local government funding and expenditure, it is a challenge for developing countries to create strategies for urban sustainability. This study provided a systematic assessment method for simulating and analyzing the future impacts and spatial patterns of urban growth via cellular automata and cluster analysis. We used Tainan as a study area and compared the impact of future urban spatial development during two periods: 1993–2008 and 2008–2030. The results indicate that the impact of this development on the natural environment can be divided into six clusters. With an increased distance from the city center, there were increased changes in surface temperature and a decreased amount of runoff. These results indicate the occurrence of urban expansion, with habitat diversity being greater in areas governed by policies or ordinances. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban land use modeling; environmental impacts adaptation; urban growth; slope-land use-excluded-urban-transportation and hillshade (SLEUTH) urban land use modeling; environmental impacts adaptation; urban growth; slope-land use-excluded-urban-transportation and hillshade (SLEUTH)
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kuo, H.-F.; Tsou, K.-W. Modeling and Simulation of the Future Impacts of Urban Land Use Change on the Natural Environment by SLEUTH and Cluster Analysis. Sustainability 2018, 10, 72.

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