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World Electr. Veh. J. 2018, 9(4), 48; https://doi.org/10.3390/wevj9040048

Scube—Concept and Implementation of a Self-balancing, Autonomous Mobility Device for Personal Transport

1
TUMCREATE, 1 CREATE Way, #10-02, CREATE Tower, Singapore 138602, Singapore
2
Technical University Munich, Boltzmannstraße 15, 85748 Garching b. München, Germany
3
Nanyang Technological University, 50 Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798, Singapore
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 September 2018 / Revised: 30 October 2018 / Accepted: 20 November 2018 / Published: 5 December 2018
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Abstract

Public transportation (PT) systems suffer from disutility compared to private transportation due to the inability to provide passengers with a door-to-door service, referred to as the first/last mile problem. Personal mobility devices (PMDs) are thought to improve PT service quality by closing this first/last mile gap. However, current PMDs are generally driven manually by the rider and require a learning phase for safe vehicle operation. Additionally, most PMDs require a standing riding position and are not easily accessible to elderly people or persons with disabilities. In this paper, the concept of an autonomously operating mobility device is introduced. The visionary concept is designed as an on-demand transportation service which transports people for short to medium distances and increases the accessibility to public transport. The device is envisioned to be operated as a larger fleet and does not belong to an individual person. The vehicle features an electric powertrain and a one-axle self-balancing design with a small footprint. It provides one seat for a passenger and a tilt mechanism that is designed to improve the ride comfort and safety at horizontal curves. An affordable 3D-camera system is used for autonomous localization and navigation. For the evaluation and demonstration of the concept, a functional prototype is implemented. View Full-Text
Keywords: autonomous vehicle; first/last mile; public transport; electric personal mobility device; on-demand; prototyping; localisation; 3D-camera navigation autonomous vehicle; first/last mile; public transport; electric personal mobility device; on-demand; prototyping; localisation; 3D-camera navigation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Klöppel, M.; Römer, F.; Wittmann, M.; Hatam, B.; Herrmann, T.; Sim, L.L.; Lim, J.S.D.; Lu, Y.; Medovy, V.; Merkle, L.; Ten, W.X.R.; Ongel, A.; Hong, Y.J.J.; Ng, H.W.; Lienkamp, M. Scube—Concept and Implementation of a Self-balancing, Autonomous Mobility Device for Personal Transport. World Electr. Veh. J. 2018, 9, 48.

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