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World Electric Vehicle Journal is published by MDPI from Volume 9 issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by The World Electric Vehicle Association (WEVA) and its member the European Association for e-Mobility (AVERE), the Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA), and the Electric Vehicle Association of Asia Pacific (EVAAP). They are hosted by MDPI on as a courtesy and upon agreement with AVERE.
Open AccessArticle

Projected Greenhouse Gas Emissions for Plug-in Electric Vehicles

Marcus Alexander (corresponding author) Electric Power Research Institute, 3420 Hillview Ave., Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
Natural Resources Defense Council, 40 West 20th Street, New York, NY 10011, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
World Electr. Veh. J. 2016, 8(4), 987-995;
Published: 30 December 2016
PDF [2992 KB, uploaded 17 May 2018]


Plug-in electric vehicles propelled by stored electrical energy do not directly emit greenhouse gas emissions during operation, but indirect emissions can occur when electricity is generated to recharge the vehicle batteries. Determining the mix of power plants that would supply this electricity is difficult due to the technical complexity inherent in grid modeling. This paper describes best practices for projecting future grid emissions and uses these best practices to forecast grid emissions in the United States. These projections indicate that plug-in electric vehicles can significantly reduce transportation sector emissions even when accounting for the emissions associated with vehicle electrification.
Keywords: electricity; emissions; environment; United States of America electricity; emissions; environment; United States of America
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Alexander, M.; Tonachel, L. Projected Greenhouse Gas Emissions for Plug-in Electric Vehicles. World Electr. Veh. J. 2016, 8, 987-995.

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