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World Electric Vehicle Journal is published by MDPI from Volume 9 issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by The World Electric Vehicle Association (WEVA) and its member the European Association for e-Mobility (AVERE), the Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA), and the Electric Vehicle Association of Asia Pacific (EVAAP). They are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with AVERE.
Open AccessArticle

Workload Patterns of Fast Charging Stations Along the German Autobahn

Karlsruhe Service Research Institute (KSRI) at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Englerstraße 11, Karlsruhe, 76131, Germany
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World Electr. Veh. J. 2016, 8(4), 936-942; https://doi.org/10.3390/wevj8040936
Published: 30 December 2016
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Abstract

We analyze daily charging demand patterns of electric vehicles at DC fast charging stations along the German autobahn for an average week in 2020. For this we develop an agent based simulation tool based on current empirical mobility data. Our results show that already in 2020 about 1,000 charging processes per charging location and day might be realistic. In order to avoid long waiting times these charging locations should be equipped with about 20 charging points. A utilization rate of up to 80% makes a profitable operation of these stations highly probable. A sensitivity analysis indicates main parameters which influence the throughput of electric vehicles significantly.
Keywords: Infrastructure; EVSE; fast charge; simulation; Germany Infrastructure; EVSE; fast charge; simulation; Germany
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Jochem, P.; Landes, P.; Reuter-Oppermann, M.; Fichtner, W. Workload Patterns of Fast Charging Stations Along the German Autobahn. World Electr. Veh. J. 2016, 8, 936-942.

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