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World Electric Vehicle Journal is published by MDPI from Volume 9 issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by The World Electric Vehicle Association (WEVA) and its member the European Association for e-Mobility (AVERE), the Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA), and the Electric Vehicle Association of Asia Pacific (EVAAP). They are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with AVERE.
Open AccessArticle

Understanding the automotive industry: German OEM behaviour during the last 20 years and its implications

1
Energy Futures Laboratory, Imperial College London, Exhibition Road, London, SW7 2AZ, UK
2
Earth Science and Engineering Department, Imperial College London, London, SW7 2AZ, UK
3
Centre for Environmental Policy, Imperial College London, Exhibition Road, London, SW7 2AZ, UK
4
Mechanical Engineering Department, Imperial College London, London, SW7 2AZ, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
World Electr. Veh. J. 2013, 6(4), 1054-1067; https://doi.org/10.3390/wevj6041054
Published: 27 December 2013
PDF [445 KB, uploaded 18 May 2018]

Abstract

This work presents a study of how the automotive industry has responded in the last 20 years to pressures driven by economic and environmental issues, and by the transition towards electric mobility. Timelines for the major German automotive OEMs are presented to understand the industry’s behaviour in the past in order to design suitable policies that are appropriate to reach future goals around the electrification of road transport. Based upon a comparison of the pressures arising in the automotive sector and the companies’ behaviour with regard to technology choice and R&D, a set of hypotheses concerning this behaviour is then presented.
Keywords: low emission vehicles; regulation; Germany; vehicle manufacturers low emission vehicles; regulation; Germany; vehicle manufacturers
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Mazur, C.; Contestabile, M.; Offer, G.J.; Brandon, N. Understanding the automotive industry: German OEM behaviour during the last 20 years and its implications. World Electr. Veh. J. 2013, 6, 1054-1067.

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