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World Electric Vehicle Journal is published by MDPI from Volume 9 issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by The World Electric Vehicle Association (WEVA) and its member the European Association for e-Mobility (AVERE), the Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA), and the Electric Vehicle Association of Asia Pacific (EVAAP). They are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with AVERE.
Open AccessArticle

Development and realization of lithium-ion battery modules for starting applications and traction of off-road electric vehicles

1
Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development (ENEA), Via Anguillarese, 301 – 00123 S. Maria di Galeria (RM) - ITALY
2
University of Pisa, Via G. Caruso, 16 – 56122 Pisa – ITALY
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
World Electr. Veh. J. 2013, 6(3), 562-571; https://doi.org/10.3390/wevj6030562
Published: 27 September 2013
PDF [1072 KB, uploaded 18 May 2018]

Abstract

The paper describes the development and realization of standard battery modules 12 V, made by LiFePO4 cells selected in a previous study by ENEA and the University of Pisa. Module means the group of four cells series connected, the electronic battery management system, the thermal management system and the mechanical case. Standard means that the same battery module can be used for different applications: in fact, the previous study showed that three standard battery modules, 30 Ah (little size), 60 Ah (medium size) and 100 Ah (large size), are sufficient to reach the levels of voltage/capacity requested by the most part of the applications in the field of the starting/auxiliary supply batteries (also for the nautical sector) and traction of off-road electric vehicles. More units of standard modules can be series/parallel connected to build complete battery systems able to satisfy the required performances. The development and realization of the modules mostly consisted of testing the selected cells to verify their suitability for the above mentioned applications, to make a thermal battery characterization so to define the thermal management system, to develop an electronic battery management system and to build a mechanical case. The paper shows all these aspects in detail.
Keywords: electrification; off-road vehicles; lithium battery; battery module; LiFePO4; battery management system electrification; off-road vehicles; lithium battery; battery module; LiFePO4; battery management system
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Vellucci, F.; Pede, G.; D’Annibale, F.; Mariani, A.; Roncella, R.; Saletti, R.; Baronti, F.; Fantechi, G. Development and realization of lithium-ion battery modules for starting applications and traction of off-road electric vehicles. World Electr. Veh. J. 2013, 6, 562-571.

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