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World Electric Vehicle Journal is published by MDPI from Volume 9 issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by The World Electric Vehicle Association (WEVA) and its member the European Association for e-Mobility (AVERE), the Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA), and the Electric Vehicle Association of Asia Pacific (EVAAP). They are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with AVERE.
Open AccessArticle

An Evaluation Study of Current and Future Fuel Cell Hybrid Electric Vehicles Powertrains

1
Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, Belgium
2
Erasmus University College, Nijverheidskaai 170, Brussels 1070, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
World Electr. Veh. J. 2013, 6(2), 476-483; https://doi.org/10.3390/wevj6020476
Published: 28 June 2013
PDF [921 KB, uploaded 18 May 2018]

Abstract

The powertrain control strategy and component sizing can significantly influence the vehicle performance, cost and fuel economy. This paper presents an evaluation study of the current and future Fuel Cell Hybrid Vehicles (FCHEVs) powertrains from the point of view of the fuel economy, volume, mass and cost. In this research, different FCHEV powertrains (such as Fuel Cell/Supercapacitor (FC/SC), Fuel Cell/Battery (FC/B), and FC/SC/B) and different control strategies are designed and simulated by using Matlab/Simulink. In this paper, two standard driving cycles (NEDC and FTP75) are used to evaluate the fuel consumption. Within this study, two control strategies based on the knowledge of the fuel cell efficiency map are implemented to minimize the hydrogen consumption of the FCHEV powertrains. These control strategies are control strategy based on Efficiency Map (CSEM) and control strategy based on Particle Swarm Optimization (CSPSO). Furthermore, a comparative study of different FCHEV powertrains is provided for adequately selecting of the proper FCHEV powertrain, which could be used in industrial applications.
Keywords: Fuel cell Hybrid Electric Vehicle (FCHEV); Powertrain Modeling; Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO); Control Strategy; Efficiency Map Control; Fuel Economy Fuel cell Hybrid Electric Vehicle (FCHEV); Powertrain Modeling; Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO); Control Strategy; Efficiency Map Control; Fuel Economy
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Hegazy, O.; Van Mierlo, J.; Lataire, P.; Coosemans, T.; Smenkens, J.; Monem, M.A.; Omar, N.; Van den Bossche, P. An Evaluation Study of Current and Future Fuel Cell Hybrid Electric Vehicles Powertrains. World Electr. Veh. J. 2013, 6, 476-483.

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