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World Electric Vehicle Journal is published by MDPI from Volume 9 issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by The World Electric Vehicle Association (WEVA) and its member the European Association for e-Mobility (AVERE), the Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA), and the Electric Vehicle Association of Asia Pacific (EVAAP). They are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with AVERE.
Open AccessArticle

Evaluation of EVs energy consumption influencing factors, driving conditions, auxiliaries use, driver's aggressiveness

1
IFP Energies nouvelles, Rond-point de l'échangeur de Solaize, BP 3 69360 Solaize, France
2
IFP Energies nouvelles, 1 et 4 avenue de Bois-Préau, 92852 Rueil-Malmaison, France
3
D2T, 11 rue Denis Papin, CS 70533, 78190 Trappes, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
World Electr. Veh. J. 2013, 6(1), 112-123; https://doi.org/10.3390/wevj6010112
Published: 29 March 2013
PDF [416 KB, uploaded 17 May 2018]

Abstract

This paper presents a simulation study dealing with the influence of different factors on the energy consumption of an electric vehicle (EV). Due to the limited quantity of energy embedded in the battery, EVs are very sensitive to parameters which can influence their energy consumption and then can induce huge variations in their actual range. Among all these factors, driving conditions, auxiliaries' impact, driver's aggressiveness and braking energy recovery strategy are to be considered as the main factors influencing the EV energy consumption. The objective of this paper is thus to simulate and quantify the influence of each factor independently. For this, a virtual EV simulator has been created and validated through EVs experiments on a climatic 4WD chassis dyno in the frame of a project sponsored by the French ADEME and with the help of PSA, Renault and Tazzari car manufacturers. This simulator, validated thanks to a limited number of experimental results, has been then used on a very large range of operating conditions and hypotheses to extrapolate experimental results and help the analyses of influencing factors.
Keywords: EVs; energy consumption; auxiliaries; simulation; passenger cars EVs; energy consumption; auxiliaries; simulation; passenger cars
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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MDPI and ACS Style

Badin, F.; Le Berr, F.; Briki, H.; Dabadie, J.-C.; Petit, M.; Magand, S.; Condemine, E. Evaluation of EVs energy consumption influencing factors, driving conditions, auxiliaries use, driver's aggressiveness. World Electr. Veh. J. 2013, 6, 112-123.

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