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World Electric Vehicle Journal is published by MDPI from Volume 9 issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by The World Electric Vehicle Association (WEVA) and its member the European Association for e-Mobility (AVERE), the Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA), and the Electric Vehicle Association of Asia Pacific (EVAAP). They are hosted by MDPI on as a courtesy and upon agreement with AVERE.
Open AccessArticle

Comparative Study of a Passive Hybrid Energy Storage System Using Lithium Ion Battery and Ultracapacitor

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, 4901 Evergreen Road, Dearborn, MI, 48128 USA
Chrysler Group, LLC, Auburn Hills, MI, 48326 USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
World Electr. Veh. J. 2012, 5(1), 83-90;
Published: 30 March 2012
PDF [250 KB, uploaded 17 May 2018]


In this paper, scaled-down mathematical models, simulations, and experimental studies have been conducted to show the power sharing between battery and ultra-capacitor in a passive Hybrid Energy Storage System (HESS) using lithium ion battery and ultracapacitor. Detailed comparisons between a battery-only ESS and a passive HESS in terms of power capability, discharging time, and efficiency have been studied to investigate the advantages of passive HESS. Finally, we compare a passive HESS with an active HESS for Electric Vehicle (EV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) applications, and the advantages of the passive HESS over active HESS are explained.
Keywords: passive hybrid energy storage systems (HESS); battery, ultra-capacitor passive hybrid energy storage systems (HESS); battery, ultra-capacitor
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Chuan, Y.; Mi, C.; Zhang, M. Comparative Study of a Passive Hybrid Energy Storage System Using Lithium Ion Battery and Ultracapacitor. World Electr. Veh. J. 2012, 5, 83-90.

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