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World Electric Vehicle Journal is published by MDPI from Volume 9 issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by The World Electric Vehicle Association (WEVA) and its member the European Association for e-Mobility (AVERE), the Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA), and the Electric Vehicle Association of Asia Pacific (EVAAP). They are hosted by MDPI on as a courtesy and upon agreement with AVERE.
Open AccessArticle

Electrochemical and thermal modeling of lithium-ion cells for use in HEV or EV application

Institute of Electrical Power Engineering (IEE), Clausthal University of Technology, Leibnizstr 28, 38678 Clausthal
Hoppecke Battery Systems - Advanced Battery Group, An der Bremecke 4, 59929 Brilon
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
World Electr. Veh. J. 2009, 3(2), 342-351;
Published: 26 June 2009
To build a lithium battery system from single cells for use in an electric drive system the coupled electrochemical and thermal characteristics of these cells have to be well-known. Otherwise it is not possible to find the best cell for a given application considering capacity, power, thermal and electric management, housing, monitoring, etc. In the presented work an easy to parameterize Simulink model regarding the electrochemical and thermal properties was developed to simulate different cell types for an electric drive system. The model is based on an equivalent circuit diagram which is parameterized by means of impedance spectroscopy as well as of current pulse techniques. Differences of these methods are discussed briefly. By comparing simulation results and measurements it is shown that the coupled electrochemical-thermal model can predict the current - voltage behaviour and the temperature development of the different cells very exactly for both constant current profiles and load profiles appropriate for an electric forklift application.
Keywords: electric drive; battery model; simulation; lithium battery electric drive; battery model; simulation; lithium battery
MDPI and ACS Style

Benger, R.; Wenzl, H.; Beck, H.-P.; Jiang, M.; Ohms, D.; Schaedlich, G. Electrochemical and thermal modeling of lithium-ion cells for use in HEV or EV application. World Electr. Veh. J. 2009, 3, 342-351.

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