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World Electric Vehicle Journal is published by MDPI from Volume 9 issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by The World Electric Vehicle Association (WEVA) and its member the European Association for e-Mobility (AVERE), the Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA), and the Electric Vehicle Association of Asia Pacific (EVAAP). They are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with AVERE.
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Impact of Component Size on Plug-In Hybrid Vehicle Energy Consumption Using Global Optimization

Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Ave, Argonne, IL, 60439-4815
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World Electr. Veh. J. 2008, 2(2), 92-100; https://doi.org/10.3390/wevj2020092
Published: 27 June 2008
Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles are a promising alternative to gas-only vehicles and offer the potential to greatly reduce fuel use in transportation. Their potential energy consumption is highly linked to the size of components. This study focuses on the impact of the electric system energy and power on control and energy consumption. Based on a parallel pre-transmission architecture, several vehicles were modeled, with an all-electric range from 5 to 40 miles on the UDDS, to illustrate various levels of available electric energy. Five others vehicles were created, with various levels of power and same battery energy. The vehicles were then simulated under optimal control on multiple combinations of cycle and distance by using a global optimization algorithm. The global optimization algorithm, based on the Bellman principle, ensures a fair comparison between different vehicles by making each vehicle operate at its maximal potential. The results from each optimization are thoroughly analyzed to highlight control patterns. The potential minimal fuel consumption that can be achieved by each of them is presented. The results can also be used to find the potential minimal greenhouse gases emissions.
Keywords: Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle; Global Optimization; Battery Size; All-Electric-Range; Control Strategy Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle; Global Optimization; Battery Size; All-Electric-Range; Control Strategy
MDPI and ACS Style

Karbowski, D.; Haliburton, C.; Rousseau, A. Impact of Component Size on Plug-In Hybrid Vehicle Energy Consumption Using Global Optimization. World Electr. Veh. J. 2008, 2, 92-100.

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