Next Article in Journal
Fault Diagnosis Method of DC Charging Points for EVs Based on Deep Belief Network
Next Article in Special Issue
A Review of Range Extenders in Battery Electric Vehicles: Current Progress and Future Perspectives
Previous Article in Journal
Analysis of Coil Parameters and Comparison of Circular, Rectangular, and Hexagonal Coils Used in WPT System for Electric Vehicle Charging
Previous Article in Special Issue
State of Charge Estimation of Lithium-Ion Battery for Electric Vehicles Using Machine Learning Algorithms
Article

Barriers and Drivers of Transition to Sustainable Public Transport in the Philippines

1
Mindoro State College of Agriculture and Technology, Masipit, Calapan City, Oriental Mindoro 5200, Philippines
2
Center for Human Development, University of Science and Technology of Southern Philippines-Cagayan de Oro Campus, Misamis Oriental 9000, Philippines
3
Copernicus Institute of Sustainable Development, Utrecht University, Princetonlaan 8a, 3584 CB Utrecht, The Netherlands
4
Utrecht School of Economics, Utrecht University, Kriekenpitplein 21-22, 3584 EC Utrecht, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Aritra Ghosh
World Electr. Veh. J. 2021, 12(1), 46; https://doi.org/10.3390/wevj12010046
Received: 27 February 2021 / Revised: 16 March 2021 / Accepted: 17 March 2021 / Published: 19 March 2021
Electrification of public utility vehicles plays a vital role in the transition towards a more sustainable transport system. However, the adoption of electric vehicles (EVs) encounters varying challenges ranging from financing issues, government policies, and public acceptance. Using the Philippines as a case, this research applies political, economic, social, technological, legal, and environmental (PESTLE) analysis to determine how different drivers affect the adoption of EVs in the public transport system from various transport stakeholders’ vantage points. Survey results identified economic and technological factors as the main barriers to the adoption of electric public transport. This includes high investment and operational costs, lack of charging infrastructure, issues in driving range and use in different terrains, and the availability of EV parts and repair stations. On the other hand, the main enabler is the significant public support for the modernization of the public transport system through EVs, backed up by policy and legal drivers. For a zero-emission public transport system, this study recommends that the government should invest in sustainable sources of energy, develop more public infrastructure, diversify the transport sector, fund the development of locally made EVs, and initiate a massive information campaign in educating the public of its advantages. View Full-Text
Keywords: electric vehicles; PESTLE; public utility vehicle; sustainable transportation; participatory development; good governance electric vehicles; PESTLE; public utility vehicle; sustainable transportation; participatory development; good governance
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Guno, C.S.; Collera, A.A.; Agaton, C.B. Barriers and Drivers of Transition to Sustainable Public Transport in the Philippines. World Electr. Veh. J. 2021, 12, 46. https://doi.org/10.3390/wevj12010046

AMA Style

Guno CS, Collera AA, Agaton CB. Barriers and Drivers of Transition to Sustainable Public Transport in the Philippines. World Electric Vehicle Journal. 2021; 12(1):46. https://doi.org/10.3390/wevj12010046

Chicago/Turabian Style

Guno, Charmaine S.; Collera, Angelie A.; Agaton, Casper B. 2021. "Barriers and Drivers of Transition to Sustainable Public Transport in the Philippines" World Electr. Veh. J. 12, no. 1: 46. https://doi.org/10.3390/wevj12010046

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop