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Open AccessArticle

Simulation of Future Electric Vehicle Charging Behavior—Effects of Transition from PHEV to FEV

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Urban Technology research group, Faculty of Technology, University of Applied Science Amsterdam, Weesperzijde 190 1097 DZ Amsterdam, The Netherlands
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Computational Science Lab, University of Amsterdam, Science Park 904 1098XH Amsterdam, The Netherlands
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
World Electr. Veh. J. 2019, 10(2), 42; https://doi.org/10.3390/wevj10020042
Received: 19 February 2019 / Revised: 7 June 2019 / Accepted: 9 June 2019 / Published: 14 June 2019
The Netherlands is a frontrunner in the field of public charging infrastructure, having one of the highest number of public charging stations per electric vehicle (EV) in the world. During the early years of adoption (2012–2015), a large percentage of the EV fleet were plugin hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) due to the subsidy scheme at that time. With an increasing number of full electric vehicles (FEVs) on the market and a current subsidy scheme for FEVs only, a transition of the EV fleet from PHEV to FEV is expected. This is hypothesized to have an effect on the charging behavior of the complete fleet, and is reason to understand better how PHEVs and FEVs differ in charging behavior and how this impacts charging infrastructure usage. In this paper, the effects of the transition of PHEV to FEV is simulated by extending an existing agent-based model. Results show important effects of this transition on charging infrastructure performance. View Full-Text
Keywords: modelling and simulation; energy supply and infrastructure; public policy and promotion; electric vehicles modelling and simulation; energy supply and infrastructure; public policy and promotion; electric vehicles
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Vermeulen, I.; Helmus, J.R.; Lees, M.; van den Hoed, R. Simulation of Future Electric Vehicle Charging Behavior—Effects of Transition from PHEV to FEV. World Electr. Veh. J. 2019, 10, 42.

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