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5G Cross-Border Operation for Connected and Automated Mobility: Challenges and Solutions

Huawei Technologies, Munich Research Center, Riesstraße 25, 80992 Munich, Germany
Technical University of Munich, Arcisstraße 21, Munich, 80333 Bavaria, Germany
Ericsson Research, Torshamnsgatan 23, 164 83 Stockholm, Sweden
Worldsensing S.L., Viriat 47, 10th floor, Barcelona, 08014 Catalonia, Spain
Nextworks S.r.l., Via Livornese 1027, 56122 Pisa, Italy
Department of Informatics and Telecommunications, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, Ilisia, 15784 Athens, Greece
Centre Tecnològic de Telecomunicacions de Catalunya (CTTC/CERCA), Av. Carl Friedrich Gauss, 7, Castelldefels, 08860 Barcelona, Spain
PSA Group, Route de Gisy, 78140 Vélizy-Villacoublay, France
Orange, Orange Labs, 44 avenue de la République, 92326 Châtillon, France
Ericsson GmbH, Ericsson Allee 1, 52134 Herzogenrath, Germany
Robert Bosch GmbH, Renningen, 70465 Stuttgart, Germany
EURECOM, Communication System Department, 06904 Sophia-Antipolis, France
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Future Internet 2020, 12(1), 5;
Received: 9 November 2019 / Revised: 13 December 2019 / Accepted: 20 December 2019 / Published: 24 December 2019
The vision of cooperative, connected and automated mobility (CCAM) across Europe can only be realized when harmonized solutions that support cross-border traffic exist. The possibility of providing CCAM services along different countries when vehicles drive across various national borders has a huge innovative business potential. However, the seamless provision of connectivity and the uninterrupted delivery of services along borders also poses interesting technical challenges. The situation is particularly innovative given the multi-country, multi-operator, multi-telco-vendor, and multi-car-manufacturer scenario of any cross-border layout. This paper introduces the challenges associated to a cross-border deployment of communication technologies through the analysis of three use cases: tele-operated driving, high-definition map generation and distribution for autonomous vehicles, and anticipated cooperative collision avoidance. Furthermore, a set of 5G solutions have been identified to ensure that CCAM services can be supported efficiently in cross-border scenarios. Faster handover of a data connection from one operator to another, generalized inter-mobile edge computing (MEC) coordination, and quality of service (QoS) prediction are some of the solutions that have been introduced to reduce the uncertainties of a real 5G cross-border deployment. View Full-Text
Keywords: V2X; 5G; wireless communication; cross-border; trials V2X; 5G; wireless communication; cross-border; trials
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kousaridas, A.; Schimpe, A.; Euler, S.; Vilajosana, X.; Fallgren, M.; Landi, G.; Moscatelli, F.; Barmpounakis, S.; Vázquez-Gallego, F.; Sedar, R.; Silva, R.; Dizambourg, L.; Wendt, S.; Muehleisen, M.; Eckert, K.; Härri, J.; Alonso-Zarate, J. 5G Cross-Border Operation for Connected and Automated Mobility: Challenges and Solutions. Future Internet 2020, 12, 5.

AMA Style

Kousaridas A, Schimpe A, Euler S, Vilajosana X, Fallgren M, Landi G, Moscatelli F, Barmpounakis S, Vázquez-Gallego F, Sedar R, Silva R, Dizambourg L, Wendt S, Muehleisen M, Eckert K, Härri J, Alonso-Zarate J. 5G Cross-Border Operation for Connected and Automated Mobility: Challenges and Solutions. Future Internet. 2020; 12(1):5.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kousaridas, Apostolos, Andreas Schimpe, Sebastian Euler, Xavier Vilajosana, Mikael Fallgren, Giada Landi, Francesca Moscatelli, Sokratis Barmpounakis, Francisco Vázquez-Gallego, Roshan Sedar, Rodrigo Silva, Laurent Dizambourg, Stefan Wendt, Maciej Muehleisen, Kurt Eckert, Jérôme Härri, and Jesus Alonso-Zarate. 2020. "5G Cross-Border Operation for Connected and Automated Mobility: Challenges and Solutions" Future Internet 12, no. 1: 5.

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