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Short Communication

Molecular Phylogeny of Hantaviruses Harbored by Insectivorous Bats in Côte d’Ivoire and Vietnam

Pacific Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases Research, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI 96813, USA
Department of Natural History, Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, ON M5S 2C6, Canada
Department of Biology, Université de Cocody, Abidjan 22, Côte d'Ivoire
Infectious Disease Surveillance Center, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Tokyo 162-8640, Japan
Department of Microbiology, College of Medicine, Korea University, Seoul 136-705, Korea
Departement Systematique et Evolution, UMR CNRS 7205, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris 75005, France
Department of Biology, Museum of Southwestern Biology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA
Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Colorado, Aurora, CO 80045, USA
National Center for Disease Control and Public Health, Tbilisi 0177, Georgia
Institute of Chemical Biology, Ilia State University, Tbilisi 0162, Georgia
Global Alliance for Rabies Control, Manhattan, KS 66502, USA
Division of Vector Borne Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, CO 80521, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Viruses 2014, 6(5), 1897-1910;
Received: 24 February 2014 / Revised: 4 April 2014 / Accepted: 8 April 2014 / Published: 29 April 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Viruses and Bats)
The recent discovery of genetically distinct hantaviruses in multiple species of shrews and moles prompted a further exploration of their host diversification by analyzing frozen, ethanol-fixed and RNAlater®-preserved archival tissues and fecal samples from 533 bats (representing seven families, 28 genera and 53 species in the order Chiroptera), captured in Asia, Africa and the Americas in 1981–2012, using RT-PCR. Hantavirus RNA was detected in Pomona roundleaf bats (Hipposideros pomona) (family Hipposideridae), captured in Vietnam in 1997 and 1999, and in banana pipistrelles (Neoromicia nanus) (family Vespertilionidae), captured in Côte d’Ivoire in 2011. Phylogenetic analysis, based on the full-length S- and partial M- and L-segment sequences using maximum likelihood and Bayesian methods, demonstrated that the newfound hantaviruses formed highly divergent lineages, comprising other recently recognized bat-borne hantaviruses in Sierra Leone and China. The detection of bat-associated hantaviruses opens a new era in hantavirology and provides insights into their evolutionary origins. View Full-Text
Keywords: hantavirus; Chiroptera; evolution hantavirus; Chiroptera; evolution
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gu, S.H.; Lim, B.K.; Kadjo, B.; Arai, S.; Kim, J.-A.; Nicolas, V.; Lalis, A.; Denys, C.; Cook, J.A.; Dominguez, S.R.; Holmes, K.V.; Urushadze, L.; Sidamonidze, K.; Putkaradze, D.; Kuzmin, I.V.; Kosoy, M.Y.; Song, J.-W.; Yanagihara, R. Molecular Phylogeny of Hantaviruses Harbored by Insectivorous Bats in Côte d’Ivoire and Vietnam. Viruses 2014, 6, 1897-1910.

AMA Style

Gu SH, Lim BK, Kadjo B, Arai S, Kim J-A, Nicolas V, Lalis A, Denys C, Cook JA, Dominguez SR, Holmes KV, Urushadze L, Sidamonidze K, Putkaradze D, Kuzmin IV, Kosoy MY, Song J-W, Yanagihara R. Molecular Phylogeny of Hantaviruses Harbored by Insectivorous Bats in Côte d’Ivoire and Vietnam. Viruses. 2014; 6(5):1897-1910.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gu, Se H., Burton K. Lim, Blaise Kadjo, Satoru Arai, Jeong-Ah Kim, Violaine Nicolas, Aude Lalis, Christiane Denys, Joseph A. Cook, Samuel R. Dominguez, Kathryn V. Holmes, Lela Urushadze, Ketevan Sidamonidze, Davit Putkaradze, Ivan V. Kuzmin, Michael Y. Kosoy, Jin-Won Song, and Richard Yanagihara. 2014. "Molecular Phylogeny of Hantaviruses Harbored by Insectivorous Bats in Côte d’Ivoire and Vietnam" Viruses 6, no. 5: 1897-1910.

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