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Review

Multifunctional Nature of the Arenavirus RING Finger Protein Z

Institut für Virologie der Philipps-Universität Marburg, Hans-Meerwein-Str. 2, 35043 Marburg, Germany
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Viruses 2012, 4(11), 2973-3011; https://doi.org/10.3390/v4112973
Received: 4 October 2012 / Revised: 4 November 2012 / Accepted: 5 November 2012 / Published: 9 November 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Arenaviruses)
Arenaviruses are a family of enveloped negative-stranded RNA viruses that can cause severe human disease ranging from encephalitis symptoms to fulminant hemorrhagic fever. The bi‑segmented RNA genome encodes four polypeptides: the nucleoprotein NP, the surface glycoprotein GP, the polymerase L, and the RING finger protein Z. Although it is the smallest arenavirus protein with a length of 90 to 99 amino acids and a molecular weight of approx. 11 kDa, the Z protein has multiple functions in the viral life cycle including (i) regulation of viral RNA synthesis, (ii) orchestration of viral assembly and budding, (iii) interaction with host cell proteins, and (iv) interferon antagonism. In this review, we summarize our current understanding of the structural and functional role of the Z protein in the arenavirus replication cycle. View Full-Text
Keywords: Arenavirus; ESCRT; Lassa virus; Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus; Junin virus; matrix protein; RING finger protein; virus assembly and budding; virus-host cell interaction; Z protein Arenavirus; ESCRT; Lassa virus; Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus; Junin virus; matrix protein; RING finger protein; virus assembly and budding; virus-host cell interaction; Z protein
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fehling, S.K.; Lennartz, F.; Strecker, T. Multifunctional Nature of the Arenavirus RING Finger Protein Z. Viruses 2012, 4, 2973-3011. https://doi.org/10.3390/v4112973

AMA Style

Fehling SK, Lennartz F, Strecker T. Multifunctional Nature of the Arenavirus RING Finger Protein Z. Viruses. 2012; 4(11):2973-3011. https://doi.org/10.3390/v4112973

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fehling, Sarah Katharina, Frank Lennartz, and Thomas Strecker. 2012. "Multifunctional Nature of the Arenavirus RING Finger Protein Z" Viruses 4, no. 11: 2973-3011. https://doi.org/10.3390/v4112973

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