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Article

The Self-Reported Leeds Assessment of Neuropathic Symptoms and Signs (S-LANSS) and PainDETECT Questionnaires in COVID-19 Survivors with Post-COVID Pain

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Department of Physical Therapy, Occupational Therapy, Rehabilitation and Physical Medicine, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Alcorcón, 28922 Madrid, Spain
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Center for Neuroplasticity and Pain (CNAP), SMI, Department of Health Science and Technology, Faculty of Medicine, Aalborg University, DK-9220 Aalborg, Denmark
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Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health, Universidad Camilo José Cela, 28692 Villanueva de la Cañada, Spain
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VALTRADOFI Research Group, Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health, Camilo Jose Cela University, 28692 Villanueva de la Cañada, Spain
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Departamento de Enfermería, Universidad de Cantabria, 39008 Santander, Spain
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Grupo de Investigación en Enfermería, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Valdecilla (IDIVAL), 39011 Santander, Spain
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Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Universitario Severo Ochoa, 28911 Leganes, Spain
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Servicio de Neumología, Hospital Universitario Marqués de Valdecilla, 39008 Santander, Spain
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Department of Medical Gastroenterology, Mech-Sense, Aalborg University Hospital, DK-9000 Aalborg, Denmark
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Juan-Manuel Anaya and Rüdiger E. Scharf
Viruses 2022, 14(7), 1486; https://doi.org/10.3390/v14071486
Received: 6 June 2022 / Revised: 30 June 2022 / Accepted: 5 July 2022 / Published: 7 July 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Post-COVID Syndrome)
This study aimed to analyze correlations between Self-Report Leeds Assessment of Neuropathic Symptoms (S-LANSS) and PainDETECT with proxies of sensitization, pain-related, or psychological/cognitive variables in coronavirus disease, 2019 (COVID-19) survivors exhibiting post-COVID pain. Demographic, clinical, psychological, cognitive, sensitization-associated symptoms, and health-related quality of life were collected in 146 survivors with post-COVID pain. The PainDETECT and S-LANSS questionnaires were used for assessing neuropathic pain-related symptoms. Patients were assessed with a mean of 18.8 (SD 1.8) months after hospitalization. Both questionnaires were positively associated with pain intensity (p < 0.05), anxiety (PainDETECT p < 0.05; S-LANSS p < 0.01), sensitization-associated symptoms (p < 0.01), catastrophism (p < 0.01), and kinesiophobia (p < 0.01) and negatively associated with quality of life (PainDETECT p < 0.05; S-LANSS p < 0.01). Depressive levels were associated with S-LANSS (p < 0.05) but not with PainDETECT. The stepwise regression analyses revealed that 47.2% of S-LANSS was explained by PainDETECT (44.6%), post-COVID pain symptoms duration (1.7%), and weight (1.1%), whereas 51.2% of PainDETECT was explained by S-LANSS (44.6%), sensitization-associated symptoms (5.4%), and anxiety levels (1.2%). A good convergent association between S-LANSS and PainDETECT was found. Additionally, S-LANSS was associated with symptom duration and weight whereas PainDETECT was associated with sensitization-associated symptoms and anxiety levels, suggesting that the two questionnaires evaluate different aspects of the neuropathic pain spectrum in post-COVID pain patients. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; pain; long-COVID; neuropathic; S-LANSS; PainDETECT COVID-19; pain; long-COVID; neuropathic; S-LANSS; PainDETECT
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fernández-de-las-Peñas, C.; Valera-Calero, J.A.; Herrero-Montes, M.; del-Valle-Loarte, P.; Rodríguez-Rosado, R.; Ferrer-Pargada, D.; Arendt-Nielsen, L.; Parás-Bravo, P. The Self-Reported Leeds Assessment of Neuropathic Symptoms and Signs (S-LANSS) and PainDETECT Questionnaires in COVID-19 Survivors with Post-COVID Pain. Viruses 2022, 14, 1486. https://doi.org/10.3390/v14071486

AMA Style

Fernández-de-las-Peñas C, Valera-Calero JA, Herrero-Montes M, del-Valle-Loarte P, Rodríguez-Rosado R, Ferrer-Pargada D, Arendt-Nielsen L, Parás-Bravo P. The Self-Reported Leeds Assessment of Neuropathic Symptoms and Signs (S-LANSS) and PainDETECT Questionnaires in COVID-19 Survivors with Post-COVID Pain. Viruses. 2022; 14(7):1486. https://doi.org/10.3390/v14071486

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fernández-de-las-Peñas, César, Juan Antonio Valera-Calero, Manuel Herrero-Montes, Pablo del-Valle-Loarte, Rafael Rodríguez-Rosado, Diego Ferrer-Pargada, Lars Arendt-Nielsen, and Paula Parás-Bravo. 2022. "The Self-Reported Leeds Assessment of Neuropathic Symptoms and Signs (S-LANSS) and PainDETECT Questionnaires in COVID-19 Survivors with Post-COVID Pain" Viruses 14, no. 7: 1486. https://doi.org/10.3390/v14071486

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