Next Article in Journal
Exposure of Culicoides sonorensis to Enzootic Strains of Bluetongue Virus Demonstrates Temperature- and Virus-Specific Effects on Virogenesis
Next Article in Special Issue
Gold—Polyoxoborates Nanocomposite Prohibits Adsorption of Bacteriophages on Inner Surfaces of Polypropylene Labware and Protects Samples from Bacterial and Yeast Infections
Previous Article in Journal
Professor Sir Peter J. Lachmann, FRS, FMedSci (1931–2020)
Previous Article in Special Issue
Isolation and Characterization of Streptococcus mutans Phage as a Possible Treatment Agent for Caries
Review

Temperate Bacteriophages—The Powerful Indirect Modulators of Eukaryotic Cells and Immune Functions

1
Bacteriophage Laboratory, Hirszfeld Institute of Immunology and Experimental Therapy, Polish Academy of Sciences, 53-114 Wrocław, Poland
2
Laboratory of Phage Therapy, Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kładki 24, 80-822 Gdańsk, Poland
3
Department of Molecular Biology, University of Gdańsk, Wita Stwosza 59, 80-308 Gdańsk, Poland
4
Phage Therapy Unit, Hirszfeld Institute of Immunology and Experimental Therapy, Polish Academy of Sciences, 53-114 Wrocław, Poland
5
Infant Jesus Hospital, The Medical University of Warsaw, 02-006 Warsaw, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Dann Turner
Viruses 2021, 13(6), 1013; https://doi.org/10.3390/v13061013
Received: 28 April 2021 / Revised: 22 May 2021 / Accepted: 27 May 2021 / Published: 28 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Bacteriophage Biology)
Bacteriophages are natural biological entities that limit the growth and amplification of bacteria. They are important stimulators of evolutionary variability in bacteria, and currently are considered a weapon against antibiotic resistance of bacteria. Nevertheless, apart from their antibacterial activity, phages may act as modulators of mammalian immune responses. In this paper, we focus on temperate phages able to execute the lysogenic development, which may shape animal or human immune response by influencing various processes, including phagocytosis of bacterial invaders and immune modulation of mammalian host cells. View Full-Text
Keywords: prophage; immune system; lysogen; immunomodulation prophage; immune system; lysogen; immunomodulation
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Cieślik, M.; Bagińska, N.; Jończyk-Matysiak, E.; Węgrzyn, A.; Węgrzyn, G.; Górski, A. Temperate Bacteriophages—The Powerful Indirect Modulators of Eukaryotic Cells and Immune Functions. Viruses 2021, 13, 1013. https://doi.org/10.3390/v13061013

AMA Style

Cieślik M, Bagińska N, Jończyk-Matysiak E, Węgrzyn A, Węgrzyn G, Górski A. Temperate Bacteriophages—The Powerful Indirect Modulators of Eukaryotic Cells and Immune Functions. Viruses. 2021; 13(6):1013. https://doi.org/10.3390/v13061013

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cieślik, Martyna, Natalia Bagińska, Ewa Jończyk-Matysiak, Alicja Węgrzyn, Grzegorz Węgrzyn, and Andrzej Górski. 2021. "Temperate Bacteriophages—The Powerful Indirect Modulators of Eukaryotic Cells and Immune Functions" Viruses 13, no. 6: 1013. https://doi.org/10.3390/v13061013

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop