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Genomic Characterization, Formulation and Efficacy in Planta of a Siphoviridae and Podoviridae Protection Cocktail against the Bacterial Plant Pathogens Pectobacterium spp.

1
Institute for Global Food Security, School of Biological Sciences, Queen’s University, Belfast BT9 5DL, UK
2
Sustainable Agri-Food Sciences Division, Agri-Food and Biosciences Institute, Belfast, BT9 5PX UK
3
Veterinary Sciences Division, Agri-Food and Biosciences Institute, Stormont, Belfast BT4 3SD, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Viruses 2020, 12(2), 150; https://doi.org/10.3390/v12020150
Received: 13 December 2019 / Revised: 22 January 2020 / Accepted: 25 January 2020 / Published: 28 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Bacterial Viruses)
In the face of global human population increases, there is a need for efficacious integrated pest management strategies to improve agricultural production and increase sustainable food production. To counteract significant food loses in crop production, novel, safe and efficacious measures should be tested against bacterial pathogens. Pectobacteriaceae species are one of the causative agents of the bacterial rot of onions ultimately leading to crop losses due to ineffective control measures against these pathogens. Therefore, the aim of this study was to isolate and characterize bacteriophages which could be formulated in a cocktail and implemented in planta under natural environmental conditions. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and genome analysis revealed Siphoviridae and Podoviridae family bacteriophages. To test the protective effect of a formulated phage cocktail against soft rot disease, three years of field trials were performed, using three different methods of treatment application. This is the first study to show the application of a phage cocktail containing Podoviridae and Siphoviridae bacteriophages capable of protecting onions against soft rot in field conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: bacteriophages; phage cocktail; Pectobacteriacea; biocontrol bacteriophages; phage cocktail; Pectobacteriacea; biocontrol
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zaczek-Moczydłowska, M.A.; Young, G.K.; Trudgett, J.; Fleming, C.C.; Campbell, K.; O'Hanlon, R. Genomic Characterization, Formulation and Efficacy in Planta of a Siphoviridae and Podoviridae Protection Cocktail against the Bacterial Plant Pathogens Pectobacterium spp. Viruses 2020, 12, 150. https://doi.org/10.3390/v12020150

AMA Style

Zaczek-Moczydłowska MA, Young GK, Trudgett J, Fleming CC, Campbell K, O'Hanlon R. Genomic Characterization, Formulation and Efficacy in Planta of a Siphoviridae and Podoviridae Protection Cocktail against the Bacterial Plant Pathogens Pectobacterium spp. Viruses. 2020; 12(2):150. https://doi.org/10.3390/v12020150

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zaczek-Moczydłowska, Maja A.; Young, Gillian K.; Trudgett, James; Fleming, Colin C.; Campbell, Katrina; O'Hanlon, Richard. 2020. "Genomic Characterization, Formulation and Efficacy in Planta of a Siphoviridae and Podoviridae Protection Cocktail against the Bacterial Plant Pathogens Pectobacterium spp." Viruses 12, no. 2: 150. https://doi.org/10.3390/v12020150

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