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Open AccessReview

Manipulation of Jasmonate Signaling by Plant Viruses and Their Insect Vectors

by 1,2 and 1,2,*
1
State Key Laboratory of Plant Genomics, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
2
CAS Center for Excellence in Biotic Interactions, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Viruses 2020, 12(2), 148; https://doi.org/10.3390/v12020148
Received: 24 December 2019 / Revised: 23 January 2020 / Accepted: 25 January 2020 / Published: 27 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Virus Transmission by Vectors)
Plant viruses pose serious threats to stable crop yield. The majority of them are transmitted by insects, which cause secondary damage to the plant host from the herbivore-vector’s infestation. What is worse, a successful plant virus evolves multiple strategies to manipulate host defenses to promote the population of the insect vector and thereby furthers the disease pandemic. Jasmonate (JA) and its derivatives (JAs) are lipid-based phytohormones with similar structures to animal prostaglandins, conferring plant defenses against various biotic and abiotic challenges, especially pathogens and herbivores. For survival, plant viruses and herbivores have evolved strategies to convergently target JA signaling. Here, we review the roles of JA signaling in the tripartite interactions among plant, virus, and insect vectors, with a focus on the molecular and biochemical mechanisms that drive vector-borne plant viral diseases. This knowledge is essential for the further design and development of effective strategies to protect viral damages, thereby increasing crop yield and food security. View Full-Text
Keywords: plant virus; insect vector; convergent evolution; JAZ-MYC hub plant virus; insect vector; convergent evolution; JAZ-MYC hub
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wu, X.; Ye, J. Manipulation of Jasmonate Signaling by Plant Viruses and Their Insect Vectors. Viruses 2020, 12, 148. https://doi.org/10.3390/v12020148

AMA Style

Wu X, Ye J. Manipulation of Jasmonate Signaling by Plant Viruses and Their Insect Vectors. Viruses. 2020; 12(2):148. https://doi.org/10.3390/v12020148

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wu, Xiujuan; Ye, Jian. 2020. "Manipulation of Jasmonate Signaling by Plant Viruses and Their Insect Vectors" Viruses 12, no. 2: 148. https://doi.org/10.3390/v12020148

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