Next Article in Journal
Defenses against Virus and Vector: A Phloem-Biological Perspective on RTM- and SLI1-Mediated Resistance to Potyviruses and Aphids
Previous Article in Journal
The Impact of Cellular Proliferation on the HIV-1 Reservoir
Previous Article in Special Issue
Epidemiology and Clinical Characteristics of Influenza C Virus
Open AccessArticle

Risk Mapping of Influenza D Virus Occurrence in Ruminants and Swine in Togo Using a Spatial Multicriteria Decision Analysis Approach

1
IHAP, UMR1225, Université de Toulouse, INRA, ENVT, 31076 Toulouse, France
2
Laboratoire Central Vétérinaire de Lomé, 55788 Lomé, Togo
3
St Jude Children’s Research Hospital, Memphis, TN 38105, USA
4
Cirad, UMR ASTRE, 34398 Montpellier, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Viruses 2020, 12(2), 128; https://doi.org/10.3390/v12020128
Received: 18 December 2019 / Revised: 16 January 2020 / Accepted: 18 January 2020 / Published: 21 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Non-A Influenza)
Influenza D virus (IDV) has been identified in several continents, with serological evidence for the virus in Africa. In order to improve the sensitivity and cost–benefit of IDV surveillance in Togo, risk maps were drawn using a spatial multicriteria decision analysis (MCDA) and experts’ opinion to evaluate the relevance of sampling areas used so far. Areas at highest risk of IDV occurrence were the main cattle markets. The maps were evaluated with previous field surveillance data collected in Togo between 2017 and 2019: 1216 sera from cattle, small ruminants, and swine were screened for antibodies to IDV by hemagglutination inhibition (HI) assays. While further samples collections are needed to validate the maps, the risk maps resulting from the spatial MCDA approach generated here highlight several priority areas for IDV circulation assessment. View Full-Text
Keywords: influenza D virus; Togo; risk mapping; spatial MCDA influenza D virus; Togo; risk mapping; spatial MCDA
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Fusade-Boyer, M.; Pato, P.S.; Komlan, M.; Dogno, K.; Batawui, K.; Go-Maro, E.; McKenzie, P.; Guinat, C.; Secula, A.; Paul, M.; Webby, R.J.; Tran, A.; Waret-Szkuta, A.; Ducatez, M.F. Risk Mapping of Influenza D Virus Occurrence in Ruminants and Swine in Togo Using a Spatial Multicriteria Decision Analysis Approach. Viruses 2020, 12, 128.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop