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Open AccessArticle

Therapeutic Potential of an Endolysin Derived from Kayvirus S25-3 for Staphylococcal Impetigo

1
Laboratory of Veterinary Internal Medicine, Division of Animal Life Science, Institute of Agriculture, Graduate School, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 3-5-8 Saiwai-cho, Fuchu, Tokyo 183-8509, Japan
2
Laboratory of Veterinary Microbiology I, School of Veterinary Medicine, Azabu University, 1-17-71 Fuchinobe, Chuo-ku, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-5201, Japan
3
Nippon Zenyaku Kogyo Co. Ltd., 1-1 Tairanoue, Sasagawa, Asaka-machi, Koriyama, Fukushima 963-0196, Japan
4
Department of Bacteriology, Graduate school of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, 1-2-3 Kasumi, Minami-ku, Hiroshima 734-8553, Japan
5
Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Kochi Medical School, Kochi University, 185-1 Kohasu, Oko-cho, Nankoku, Kochi 783-8505, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Present address: Antimicrobial Resistance Research Center, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, 4-2-1 Aoba-cho, Higashimurayama, Tokyo 189-0002, Japan.
Viruses 2019, 11(9), 769; https://doi.org/10.3390/v11090769
Received: 22 July 2019 / Revised: 16 August 2019 / Accepted: 20 August 2019 / Published: 22 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bacteriophages and Biofilms)
Impetigo is a contagious skin infection predominantly caused by Staphylococcus aureus. Decontamination of S. aureus from the skin is becoming more difficult because of the emergence of antibiotic-resistant strains. Bacteriophage endolysins are less likely to invoke resistance and can eliminate the target bacteria without disturbance of the normal microflora. In this study, we investigated the therapeutic potential of a recombinant endolysin derived from kayvirus S25-3 against staphylococcal impetigo in an experimental setting. First, the recombinant S25-3 endolysin required an incubation period of over 15 minutes to exhibit efficient bactericidal effects against S. aureus. Second, topical application of the recombinant S25-3 endolysin decreased the number of intraepidermal staphylococci and the size of pustules in an experimental mouse model of impetigo. Third, treatment with the recombinant S25-3 endolysin increased the diversity of the skin microbiota in the same mice. Finally, we revealed the genus-specific bacteriolytic effect of recombinant S25-3 endolysin against staphylococci, particularly S. aureus, among human skin commensal bacteria. Therefore, topical treatment with recombinant S25-3 endolysin can be a promising disease management procedure for staphylococcal impetigo by efficient bacteriolysis of S. aureus while improving the cutaneous bacterial microflora. View Full-Text
Keywords: Staphylococcus aureus; bacteriophage; endolysin; kayvirus; cutaneous microbiome; impetigo Staphylococcus aureus; bacteriophage; endolysin; kayvirus; cutaneous microbiome; impetigo
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Imanishi, I.; Uchiyama, J.; Tsukui, T.; Hisatsune, J.; Ide, K.; Matsuzaki, S.; Sugai, M.; Nishifuji, K. Therapeutic Potential of an Endolysin Derived from Kayvirus S25-3 for Staphylococcal Impetigo. Viruses 2019, 11, 769.

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