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Manipulation of Epithelial Differentiation by HPV Oncoproteins

1
Department of Otorhinolaryngology: Head and Neck Surgery, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
2
Department of Microbiology, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Viruses 2019, 11(4), 369; https://doi.org/10.3390/v11040369
Received: 18 March 2019 / Revised: 18 April 2019 / Accepted: 20 April 2019 / Published: 22 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Viruses Ten-Year Anniversary)
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Abstract

Papillomaviruses replicate and cause disease in stratified squamous epithelia. Epithelial differentiation is essential for the progression of papillomavirus replication, but differentiation is also impaired by papillomavirus-encoded proteins. The papillomavirus E6 and E7 oncoproteins partially inhibit and/or delay epithelial differentiation and some of the mechanisms by which they do so are beginning to be defined. This review will outline the key features of the relationship between HPV infection and differentiation and will summarize the data indicating that papillomaviruses alter epithelial differentiation. It will describe what is known so far and will highlight open questions about the differentiation-inhibitory mechanisms employed by the papillomaviruses. View Full-Text
Keywords: virus; transformation; epithelial; differentiation; HPV virus; transformation; epithelial; differentiation; HPV
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White, E.A. Manipulation of Epithelial Differentiation by HPV Oncoproteins. Viruses 2019, 11, 369.

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