Ebola Virus Entry: From Molecular Characterization to Drug Discovery
AbstractEbola Virus Disease (EVD) is one of the most lethal transmissible infections, characterized by a high fatality rate, and caused by a member of the Filoviridae family. The recent large outbreak of EVD in Western Africa (2013–2016) highlighted the worldwide threat represented by the disease and its impact on global public health and the economy. The development of highly needed anti-Ebola virus antivirals has been so far hampered by the shortage of tools to study their life cycle in vitro, allowing to screen for potential active compounds outside a biosafety level-4 (BSL-4) containment. Importantly, the development of surrogate models to study Ebola virus entry in a BSL-2 setting, such as viral pseudotypes and Ebola virus-like particles, tremendously boosted both our knowledge of the viral life cycle and the identification of promising antiviral compounds interfering with viral entry. In this context, the combination of such surrogate systems with large-scale small molecule compounds and haploid genetic screenings, as well as rational drug design and drug repurposing approaches will prove priceless in our quest for the development of a treatment for EVD. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Salata, C.; Calistri, A.; Alvisi, G.; Celestino, M.; Parolin, C.; Palù, G. Ebola Virus Entry: From Molecular Characterization to Drug Discovery. Viruses 2019, 11, 274.
Salata C, Calistri A, Alvisi G, Celestino M, Parolin C, Palù G. Ebola Virus Entry: From Molecular Characterization to Drug Discovery. Viruses. 2019; 11(3):274.Chicago/Turabian Style
Salata, Cristiano; Calistri, Arianna; Alvisi, Gualtiero; Celestino, Michele; Parolin, Cristina; Palù, Giorgio. 2019. "Ebola Virus Entry: From Molecular Characterization to Drug Discovery." Viruses 11, no. 3: 274.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.