Myeloid Cells during Viral Infections and Inflammation
AbstractMyeloid cells represent a diverse range of innate leukocytes that are crucial for mounting successful immune responses against viruses. These cells are responsible for detecting pathogen-associated molecular patterns, thereby initiating a signaling cascade that results in the production of cytokines such as interferons to mitigate infections. The aim of this review is to outline recent advances in our knowledge of the roles that neutrophils and inflammatory monocytes play in initiating and coordinating host responses against viral infections. A focus is placed on myeloid cell development, trafficking and antiviral mechanisms. Although known for promoting inflammation, there is a growing body of literature which demonstrates that myeloid cells can also play critical regulatory or immunosuppressive roles, especially following the elimination of viruses. Additionally, the ability of myeloid cells to control other innate and adaptive leukocytes during viral infections situates these cells as key, yet under-appreciated mediators of pathogenic inflammation that can sometimes trigger cytokine storms. The information presented here should assist researchers in integrating myeloid cell biology into the design of novel and more effective virus-targeted therapies. View Full-Text
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Stegelmeier, A.A.; van Vloten, J.P.; Mould, R.C.; Klafuric, E.M.; Minott, J.A.; Wootton, S.K.; Bridle, B.W.; Karimi, K. Myeloid Cells during Viral Infections and Inflammation. Viruses 2019, 11, 168.
Stegelmeier AA, van Vloten JP, Mould RC, Klafuric EM, Minott JA, Wootton SK, Bridle BW, Karimi K. Myeloid Cells during Viral Infections and Inflammation. Viruses. 2019; 11(2):168.Chicago/Turabian Style
Stegelmeier, Ashley A.; van Vloten, Jacob P.; Mould, Robert C.; Klafuric, Elaine M.; Minott, Jessica A.; Wootton, Sarah K.; Bridle, Byram W.; Karimi, Khalil. 2019. "Myeloid Cells during Viral Infections and Inflammation." Viruses 11, no. 2: 168.
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