Induction of Tier 1 HIV Neutralizing Antibodies by Envelope Trimers Incorporated into a Replication Competent Vesicular Stomatitis Virus Vector
AbstractA chimeric vesicular stomatitis virus with the glycoprotein of the lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus, VSV-GP, is a potent viral vaccine vector that overcomes several of the limitations of wild-type VSV. Here, we evaluated the potential of VSV-GP as an HIV vaccine vector. We introduced genes for different variants of the HIV-1 envelope protein Env, i.e., secreted or membrane-anchored, intact or mutated furin cleavage site or different C-termini, into the genome of VSV-GP. We found that the addition of the Env antigen did not attenuate VSV-GP replication. All HIV-1 Env variants were expressed in VSV-GP infected cells and some were incorporated very efficiently into VSV-GP particles. Crucial epitopes for binding of broadly neutralizing antibodies against HIV-1 such as MPER (membrane-proximal external region), CD4 binding site, V1V2 and V3 loop were present on the surface of VSV-GP-Env particles. Binding of quaternary antibodies indicated a trimeric structure of VSV-GP incorporated Env. We detected high HIV-1 antibody titers in mice and showed that vectors expressing membrane-anchored Env elicited higher antibody titers than vectors that secreted Envs. In rabbits, Tier 1A HIV-1 neutralizing antibodies were detectable after prime immunization and titers further increased after boosting with a second immunization. Taken together, VSV-GP-Env is a promising vector vaccine against HIV-1 infection since this vector permits incorporation of native monomeric and/or trimeric HIV-1 Env into a viral membrane. View Full-Text
- Supplementary File 1:
PDF-Document (PDF, 721 KB)
Share & Cite This Article
Bresk, C.A.; Hofer, T.; Wilmschen, S.; Krismer, M.; Beierfuß, A.; Effantin, G.; Weissenhorn, W.; Hogan, M.J.; Jordan, A.P.O.; Gelman, R.S.; Montefiori, D.C.; Liao, H.-X.; Schmitz, J.E.; Haynes, B.F.; von Laer, D.; Kimpel, J. Induction of Tier 1 HIV Neutralizing Antibodies by Envelope Trimers Incorporated into a Replication Competent Vesicular Stomatitis Virus Vector. Viruses 2019, 11, 159.
Bresk CA, Hofer T, Wilmschen S, Krismer M, Beierfuß A, Effantin G, Weissenhorn W, Hogan MJ, Jordan APO, Gelman RS, Montefiori DC, Liao H-X, Schmitz JE, Haynes BF, von Laer D, Kimpel J. Induction of Tier 1 HIV Neutralizing Antibodies by Envelope Trimers Incorporated into a Replication Competent Vesicular Stomatitis Virus Vector. Viruses. 2019; 11(2):159.Chicago/Turabian Style
Bresk, C. A.; Hofer, Tamara; Wilmschen, Sarah; Krismer, Marina; Beierfuß, Anja; Effantin, Grégory; Weissenhorn, Winfried; Hogan, Michael J.; Jordan, Andrea P.O.; Gelman, Rebecca S.; Montefiori, David C.; Liao, Hua-Xin; Schmitz, Joern E.; Haynes, Barton F.; von Laer, Dorothee; Kimpel, Janine. 2019. "Induction of Tier 1 HIV Neutralizing Antibodies by Envelope Trimers Incorporated into a Replication Competent Vesicular Stomatitis Virus Vector." Viruses 11, no. 2: 159.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.