Next Article in Journal
Interferon Regulatory Factor 3-Mediated Signaling Limits Middle-East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) Coronavirus Propagation in Cells from an Insectivorous Bat
Next Article in Special Issue
Targeting the Viral Polymerase of Diarrhea-Causing Viruses as a Strategy to Develop a Single Broad-Spectrum Antiviral Therapy
Previous Article in Journal
Genetic Determinants of the Re-Emergence of Arboviral Diseases
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Oxysterol 25-Hydroxycholesterol Inhibits Replication of Murine Norovirus
Open AccessReview

Human Norovirus: Experimental Models of Infection

Department of Infectious Diseases, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Viruses 2019, 11(2), 151;
Received: 18 January 2019 / Revised: 6 February 2019 / Accepted: 7 February 2019 / Published: 12 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Noroviruses)
Human noroviruses (HuNoVs) are a leading cause of acute gastroenteritis worldwide. HuNoV infections lead to substantial societal and economic burdens. There are currently no licensed vaccines or therapeutics for the prevention or treatment of HuNoVs. A lack of well-characterized in vitro and in vivo infection models has limited the development of HuNoV countermeasures. Experimental infection of human volunteers and the use of related viruses such as murine NoV have provided helpful insights into HuNoV biology and vaccine and therapeutic development. There remains a need for robust animal models and reverse genetic systems to further HuNoV research. This review summarizes available HuNoV animal models and reverse genetic systems, while providing insight into their usefulness for vaccine and therapeutic development. View Full-Text
Keywords: norovirus; human norovirus; animal models; reverse genetics; vaccine development norovirus; human norovirus; animal models; reverse genetics; vaccine development
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Todd, K.V.; Tripp, R.A. Human Norovirus: Experimental Models of Infection. Viruses 2019, 11, 151.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Search more from Scilit
Back to TopTop