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Open AccessReview

Yersinia Phages and Food Safety

1
Agriculture and Food Laboratory, Laboratory Services Division, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1H 8J7, Canada
2
Department of Aquaculture, Korea National College of Agriculture and Fisheries, Jeonju 54874, Korea
3
Department of Bacteriology and Immunology, Medicum, Human Microbiome Research Program, Faculty of Medicine, University of Helsinki, 00014 HY Helsinki, Finland
4
Division of Clinical Microbiology, HUSLAB, Helsinki University Hospital, 00029 HUS Helsinki, Finland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to the work.
Viruses 2019, 11(12), 1105; https://doi.org/10.3390/v11121105
Received: 8 November 2019 / Revised: 26 November 2019 / Accepted: 26 November 2019 / Published: 28 November 2019
One of the human- and animal-pathogenic species in genus Yersinia is Yersinia enterocolitica, a food-borne zoonotic pathogen that causes enteric infections, mesenteric lymphadenitis, and sometimes sequelae such as reactive arthritis and erythema nodosum. Y. enterocolitica is able to proliferate at 4 C, making it dangerous if contaminated food products are stored under refrigeration. The most common source of Y. enterocolitica is raw pork meat. Microbiological detection of the bacteria from food products is hampered by its slow growth rate as other bacteria overgrow it. Bacteriophages can be exploited in several ways to increase food safety with regards to contamination by Y. enterocolitica. For example, Yersinia phages could be useful in keeping the contamination of food products under control, or, alternatively, the specificity of the phages could be exploited in developing rapid and sensitive diagnostic tools for the identification of the bacteria in food products. In this review, we will discuss the present state of the research on these topics.
Keywords: Yersinia enterocolitica; bacteriophage; application of Yersinia phages; food safety; tail fiber protein; magnetic separation; biocontrol Yersinia enterocolitica; bacteriophage; application of Yersinia phages; food safety; tail fiber protein; magnetic separation; biocontrol
MDPI and ACS Style

Leon-Velarde, C.V.; Jun, J.W.; Skurnik, M. Yersinia Phages and Food Safety. Viruses 2019, 11, 1105.

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