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A New High-Throughput Tool to Screen Mosquito-Borne Viruses in Zika Virus Endemic/Epidemic Areas

1
UMR BIPAR, Animal Health Laboratory, ANSES, INRA, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire d’Alfort, Université Paris-Est, 94700 Maisons-Alfort, France
2
Arboviruses and Insect Vectors, Departement of Virology, Institut Pasteur, 75015 Paris, France
3
Laboratory of Vector Control Research, Institut Pasteur of Guadeloupe–Lieu-dit Morne Jolivière, 97139 Les Abymes, Guadeloupe, France
4
CNEV, IRD, 34000 Montpellier, France
5
UMR MIVEGEC, IRD-CNRS-Montpellier University, 34000 Montpellier, France
6
Collectivité Territoriale de Guyane (CTG), Direction de la Démoustication, 97300 Cayenne, France
7
Unité adaptation et contrôle des vecteurs, Institut Pasteur de la Guyane, 97300 Cayenne, France
8
Laboratório de Mosquitos Transmissores de Hematozoários, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Fiocruz, Rio de Janeiro 21040900, Brazil
9
Laboratory of Entomology, Wageningen University & Research, 6708 PB Wageningen, The Netherlands
10
Central Laboratory of the Bureau of Public Health, P.O. Box l863 Paramaribo, Suriname
11
Unité d’Entomologie Médicale, Institut Pasteur de Dakar, BP 220 Dakar, Senegal
12
Medical Entomology Platform and Virology Unit, Institut Pasteur du Cambodge, P.O Box. 983 Phnom Penh, Cambodia
13
Unité des Virus Emergents (UVE), Aix Marseille Université, IRD 190, INSERM 1207, IHUMéditerranée Infection, 13385 Marseille, France
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Viruses 2019, 11(10), 904; https://doi.org/10.3390/v11100904
Received: 10 September 2019 / Revised: 24 September 2019 / Accepted: 25 September 2019 / Published: 27 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Emerging Arboviruses)
Mosquitoes are vectors of arboviruses affecting animal and human health. Arboviruses circulate primarily within an enzootic cycle and recurrent spillovers contribute to the emergence of human-adapted viruses able to initiate an urban cycle involving anthropophilic mosquitoes. The increasing volume of travel and trade offers multiple opportunities for arbovirus introduction in new regions. This scenario has been exemplified recently with the Zika pandemic. To incriminate a mosquito as vector of a pathogen, several criteria are required such as the detection of natural infections in mosquitoes. In this study, we used a high-throughput chip based on the BioMark™ Dynamic arrays system capable of detecting 64 arboviruses in a single experiment. A total of 17,958 mosquitoes collected in Zika-endemic/epidemic countries (Brazil, French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Suriname, Senegal, and Cambodia) were analyzed. Here we show that this new tool can detect endemic and epidemic viruses in different mosquito species in an epidemic context. Thus, this fast and low-cost method can be suggested as a novel epidemiological surveillance tool to identify circulating arboviruses. View Full-Text
Keywords: mosquito-borne viruses; molecular epidemiology; surveillance; microfluidic analysis mosquito-borne viruses; molecular epidemiology; surveillance; microfluidic analysis
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Moutailler, S.; Yousfi, L.; Mousson, L.; Devillers, E.; Vazeille, M.; Vega-Rúa, A.; Perrin, Y.; Jourdain, F.; Chandre, F.; Cannet, A.; Chantilly, S.; Restrepo, J.; Guidez, A.; Dusfour, I.; Vieira Santos de Abreu, F.; Pereira dos Santos, T.; Jiolle, D.; Visser, T.M.; Koenraadt, C.J.M.; Wongsokarijo, M.; Diallo, M.; Diallo, D.; Gaye, A.; Boyer, S.; Duong, V.; Piorkowski, G.; Paupy, C.; Lourenco de Oliveira, R.; de Lamballerie, X.; Failloux, A.-B. A New High-Throughput Tool to Screen Mosquito-Borne Viruses in Zika Virus Endemic/Epidemic Areas. Viruses 2019, 11, 904.

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