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The Main Risk Factors of Nipah Disease and Its Risk Analysis in China

1
Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Animal Biotechnology and Disease Control and Prevention, Shandong Agricultural University, 61 Daizong Street, Taian 271018, China
2
China Center for Animal Health and Epidemiology, Qingdao 266000, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Viruses 2018, 10(10), 572; https://doi.org/10.3390/v10100572
Received: 31 August 2018 / Revised: 5 October 2018 / Accepted: 12 October 2018 / Published: 19 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Emerging Viruses)
Nipah disease is a highly fatal zoonosis which is caused by the Nipah virus. The Nipah virus is a BSL-4 virus with fruit bats being its natural host. It is mainly prevalent in Southeast Asia. The virus was first discovered in 1997 in Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia. Currently, it is mainly harmful to pigs and humans with a high mortality rate. This study describes the route of transmission of the Nipah virus in different countries and analyzes the possibility of the primary disease being in China and the method of its transmission to China. The risk factors are analyzed for different susceptible populations to Nipah disease. The aim is to improve people’s risk awareness and prevention and control of the disease and reduce its risk of occurring and spreading in China. View Full-Text
Keywords: Nipah virus; fruit bat; transmission route; risk analysis Nipah virus; fruit bat; transmission route; risk analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yu, J.; Lv, X.; Yang, Z.; Gao, S.; Li, C.; Cai, Y.; Li, J. The Main Risk Factors of Nipah Disease and Its Risk Analysis in China. Viruses 2018, 10, 572.

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