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Open AccessArticle

Modelling of Climate Conditions in Forest Vegetation Zones as a Support Tool for Forest Management Strategy in European Beech Dominated Forests

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Department of Development Studies, Faculty of Science, Palacky University, 17 listopadu 12, 771 46 Olomouc, Czech Republic
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Department of Transport Telematics, Faculty of Transportation Sciences, Czech Technical University, Konviktska 20, 110 00 Prague, Czech Republic
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Department of Forest Botany, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Technology, Mendel University, Geobiocoenology and Dendrobiology, Zemedelska 3, 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic
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Department of Geoinformatics, Faculty of Science, Palacky University, 17 listopadu 12, 771 46 Olomouc, Czech Republic
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Department of Forest Management, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sciences, Czech University of Life Sciences, Kamycka 129, 165 00 Prague, Czech Republic
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Department of Geography, King’s College London, King’s Building, Strand London, London WC2R 2LS, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Timothy A. Martin
Forests 2017, 8(3), 82; https://doi.org/10.3390/f8030082
Received: 10 January 2017 / Revised: 13 March 2017 / Accepted: 14 March 2017 / Published: 16 March 2017
The regional effects of climate change on forest ecosystems in the temperate climate zone of Europe can be modelled as shifts of forest vegetation zones in the landscape, northward and to higher elevations. This study applies a biogeographical model of climate conditions in the forest vegetation zones of the Central European landscape, in order to predict the impact of future climate change on the most widespread tree species in European deciduous forests—the European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.). The biogeographical model is supported by a suite of software applications in the GIS environment. The model outputs are defined as a set of conditions - climate scenario A1B by the Special Report on Emission Scenarios (SRES) for a forecast period, for a specified geographical area and with ecological conditions appropriate for the European beech, which provide regional scenarios for predicted future climatic conditions in the context of the European beech’s environmental requirements. These predicted changes can be graphically visualized. The results of the model scenarios for regional climate change show that in the Czech Republic from 2070 onwards, optimal growing conditions for the European beech will only exist in some parts of those areas where it currently occurs naturally. Based on these results, it is highly recommended that the national strategy for sustainable forest management in the Czech Republic be partly re-evaluated. Thus, the presented biogeographical model of climate conditions in forest vegetation zones can be applied, not only to generate regional scenarios of climate change in the landscape, but also as a support tool for the development of a sustainable forest management strategy. View Full-Text
Keywords: biogeographical model; climate change scenarios; Fagus sylvatica; sustainable forest management biogeographical model; climate change scenarios; Fagus sylvatica; sustainable forest management
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Machar, I.; Vlckova, V.; Bucek, A.; Vozenilek, V.; Salek, L.; Jerabkova, L. Modelling of Climate Conditions in Forest Vegetation Zones as a Support Tool for Forest Management Strategy in European Beech Dominated Forests. Forests 2017, 8, 82.

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