Next Article in Journal
The Optimum Slash Pile Size for Grinding Operations: Grapple Excavator and Horizontal Grinder Operations Model Based on a Sierra Nevada, California Survey
Previous Article in Journal
Product and Residue Biomass Equations for Individual Trees in Rotation Age Pinus radiata Stands under Three Thinning Regimes in New South Wales, Australia
Previous Article in Special Issue
Pre-Infection Stages of Austropuccinia psidii in the Epidermis of Eucalyptus Hybrid Leaves with Different Resistance Levels
Article Menu
Issue 11 (November) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessEditorial
Forests 2017, 8(11), 441; https://doi.org/10.3390/f8110441

Variability and Disturbances as Key Factors in Forest Pathology and Plant Health Studies

1
Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management, University of California at Berkeley, 54 Mulford Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
2
Department of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences, University of Torino, Largo P. Braccini 2, I-10095 Grugliasco, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 November 2017 / Accepted: 14 November 2017 / Published: 15 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Forest Pathology and Plant Health)
Full-Text   |   PDF [917 KB, uploaded 21 November 2017]   |  

Abstract

The plant disease triangle (PDT) is as old as the field of modern plant pathology, and it postulates that any plant disease is the outcome of the interaction between a pathogen, a host, and the environment. Recently, the need has emerged to study not only how the three elements of the PDT directly influence disease, but to focus on how they indirectly affect one another, consequently modifying the final outcome. It is also essential to structure such analyses within three major external frameworks provided by landscape level disturbances, climate change, and anthropogenic effects. The studies included in this issue cover a wide range of topics using an equally varied list of approaches, and they showcase the important role these indirect and often non-linear processes have on the development of forest diseases. View Full-Text
Keywords: biological invasions; climate; disease triangle; epidemiology; forest; Geographic Information System; modeling; variability biological invasions; climate; disease triangle; epidemiology; forest; Geographic Information System; modeling; variability
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Garbelotto, M.; Gonthier, P. Variability and Disturbances as Key Factors in Forest Pathology and Plant Health Studies. Forests 2017, 8, 441.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Forests EISSN 1999-4907 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top