Next Article in Journal
Performance of Small-Scale Sawmilling Operations: A Case Study on Time Consumption, Productivity and Main Ergonomics for a Manually Driven Bandsaw
Next Article in Special Issue
FIELD: A Software Tool That Integrates Harvester Data and Allometric Equations for a Dynamic Estimation of Forest Harvesting Residues
Previous Article in Journal
NutSpaFHy—A Distributed Nutrient Balance Model to Predict Nutrient Export from Managed Boreal Headwater Catchments
Previous Article in Special Issue
Use of Optimization Modeling to Assess the Effect of Timber and Carbon Pricing on Harvest Scheduling, Carbon Sequestration, and Net Present Value of Eucalyptus Plantations
Article

Balancing Large-Scale Wildlife Protection and Forest Management Goals with a Game-Theoretic Approach

1
Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Great Lakes Forestry Centre, 1219 Queen Street East, Sault Ste. Marie, ON P6A 2E5, Canada
2
USDA Forest Service, Northern Research Station, 1992 Folwell Ave., St. Paul, MN 55108, USA
3
FERIT Environmental Consulting, Thunder Bay, ON P7A 1P4, Canada
4
USDA Forest Service, Southern Research Station, Eastern Forest Environmental Threat Assessment Center, P.O. Box 12254, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
5
Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry, Centre for Northern Forest Ecosystem Research, 421 James St S., Thunder Bay, ON P7E 2V6, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Mauricio Acuna, John Sessions and Andres Weintraub
Forests 2021, 12(6), 809; https://doi.org/10.3390/f12060809
Received: 20 May 2021 / Revised: 12 June 2021 / Accepted: 16 June 2021 / Published: 19 June 2021
When adopted, wildlife protection policies in Canadian forests typically cover large areas and affect multiple economic agents working in these landscapes. Such measures are likely to increase the costs of timber for forestry companies operating in the area, which may hinder their acceptance of the policies unless harvesting remains profitable. We propose a bi-level wildlife protection problem that accounts for the profit-maximizing behavior of forestry companies operating in an area subject to protection. We consider the regulator with a wildlife protection mandate and forestry companies licensed to harvest public forest lands. We depict the relationship between the regulator and forestry companies as a leader-follower Stackelberg game. The leader sets the protected area target for each license area and the followers adjust their strategies to maximize payoffs while meeting the protection target set by the leader. The leader’s objective is to maximize the area-wide protection of spatially contiguous habitat while accounting for the followers’ profit-maximizing behavior. We apply the approach to investigate habitat protection policies for woodland caribou in the Churchill range, Ontario, Canada. We compare the game-theoretic solutions with solutions that do not consider the forest companies’ objectives and also with solutions equalizing the revenue losses among the companies. View Full-Text
Keywords: Stackelberg game; bi-level optimization; network flow model; habitat connectivity; harvest scheduling model I; woodland caribou; equal revenue loss Stackelberg game; bi-level optimization; network flow model; habitat connectivity; harvest scheduling model I; woodland caribou; equal revenue loss
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Yemshanov, D.; Haight, R.G.; Liu, N.; Rempel, R.S.; Koch, F.H.; Rodgers, A. Balancing Large-Scale Wildlife Protection and Forest Management Goals with a Game-Theoretic Approach. Forests 2021, 12, 809. https://doi.org/10.3390/f12060809

AMA Style

Yemshanov D, Haight RG, Liu N, Rempel RS, Koch FH, Rodgers A. Balancing Large-Scale Wildlife Protection and Forest Management Goals with a Game-Theoretic Approach. Forests. 2021; 12(6):809. https://doi.org/10.3390/f12060809

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yemshanov, Denys, Robert G. Haight, Ning Liu, Robert S. Rempel, Frank H. Koch, and Art Rodgers. 2021. "Balancing Large-Scale Wildlife Protection and Forest Management Goals with a Game-Theoretic Approach" Forests 12, no. 6: 809. https://doi.org/10.3390/f12060809

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop