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Open AccessReview

A Comprehensive Review of Phytochemistry and Biological Activities of Quercus Species

by 1,†, 2,† and 2,*
1
Residency Department, “George Emil Palade” University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Sciences and Technology of Târgu Mureș, 38 Gheorghe Marinescu Street, Târgu Mureș, 540139 Mureș, Romania
2
Department of Pharmaceutical Botany, “George Emil Palade” University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Sciences and Technology of Târgu Mureș, 38 Gheorghe Marinescu Street, Târgu Mureș, 540139 Mureș, Romania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors share the first authorship.
Forests 2020, 11(9), 904; https://doi.org/10.3390/f11090904
Received: 20 July 2020 / Revised: 10 August 2020 / Accepted: 17 August 2020 / Published: 19 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biorenewable Forest-Based Materials)
The Quercus genus provides a large amount of biomaterial with many applications in fields like pharmaceutics, cosmetics, and foodstuff areas. Due to the worldwide dissemination of the genus, many species were used for centuries in traditional healing methods or in the wine maturing process. This review aims to bring together the results about phytoconstituents from oak extracts and their biological applicability as antioxidants, antimicrobial, anticancer, etc. The literature data used in this paper were collected via PubMed, Scopus, and Science Direct (2010–June 2020). The inclusion criteria were papers published in English, with information about phytoconstituents from Quercus species (leaves, bark and seeds/acorns) and biological activities such as antioxidant, antibacterial, antiobesity, anti-acne vulgaris, antifungal, anticancer, antiviral, antileishmanial, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory. The exclusion criteria were the research of other parts of the Quercus species (e.g., galls, wood, and twigs); lack of information about phytochemistry and biological activities; non-existent Quercus species reported by the authors. The most studied Quercus species, in terms of identified biomolecules and biological activity, are Q. brantii, Q. infectoria and Q. robur. The Quercus species have been reported to contain several phytoconstituents. The main bioactive phytochemicals are phenolic compounds, volatile organic compounds, sterols, aliphatic alcohols and fatty acids. The, Quercus species are intensely studied due to their antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and anticancer activities, provided by their phytochemical composition. The general conclusion is that oak extracts can be exploited for their biological activity and can be used in research fields, such as pharmaceutical, nutraceutical and medical. View Full-Text
Keywords: Quercus; oak; phenolic compounds; bark; acorn; antioxidant; antibacterial; antitumoral Quercus; oak; phenolic compounds; bark; acorn; antioxidant; antibacterial; antitumoral
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MDPI and ACS Style

Burlacu, E.; Nisca, A.; Tanase, C. A Comprehensive Review of Phytochemistry and Biological Activities of Quercus Species. Forests 2020, 11, 904. https://doi.org/10.3390/f11090904

AMA Style

Burlacu E, Nisca A, Tanase C. A Comprehensive Review of Phytochemistry and Biological Activities of Quercus Species. Forests. 2020; 11(9):904. https://doi.org/10.3390/f11090904

Chicago/Turabian Style

Burlacu, Ema; Nisca, Adrian; Tanase, Corneliu. 2020. "A Comprehensive Review of Phytochemistry and Biological Activities of Quercus Species" Forests 11, no. 9: 904. https://doi.org/10.3390/f11090904

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